With the increased number of publications on elastography, the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) leadership decided to take initiative to create guidelines in August 2011. The first consensus meeting was held in March 2013 and led to the development of guidelines for basic science (Shiina et al. 2015), breast (Barr et al. 2015) and liver (Ferraioli et al. 2015) elastography. With the increasing number of publications and interest in thyroid and prostate elastography, WFUMB convened a panel of worldwide experts to provide guidelines for these applications of elastography.