Alveolar crestal bone thickness and level provide important diagnostic and prognostic information for orthodontic treatment, periodontal disease management and dental implants. Ionizing radiation-free ultrasound has emerged as a promising clinical tool in imaging oral tissues. However, the ultrasound image is distorted when the wave speed of the tissue of interest is different from the mapping speed of the scanner and, therefore, the subsequent dimension measurements are not accurate. This study was aimed at deriving a correction factor that can be applied to the measurements to correct for discrepancy caused by speed variation.
The factor is a function of the speed ratio and the acute angle that the segment of interest makes with the beam axis perpendicular to the transducer. The phantom and cadaver experiments were designed to validate the method.
The comparisons agree well with absolute errors not more than 4.9%. Dimension measurements on ultrasonographs can be properly corrected by applying the correction factor without recourse to the raw signals.
The correction factor has reduced the measurement discrepancy on the acquired ultrasonographs for the tissue whose speed is different from the scanner's mapping speed.
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Published online: February 20, 2023
Accepted: January 14, 2023
Received in revised form: January 13, 2023
Received: October 10, 2022
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