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Success Rate of Transcranial Doppler Scanning of Cerebral Arteries at Different Transtemporal Windows in Healthy Elderly Individuals

      Abstract—

      This study measured the rates of success in applying transcranial Doppler (TCD) scanning at the middle, posterior and anterior temporal windows (MTW, PTW and ATW) in the elderly. A hand-held 1.6-MHz pulsed-wave TCD transducer was used to search for cerebral arteries at MTW, PTW and ATW locations. Physical attributes of the head, including head circumference and the distance between tragi on both sides (“tragus-to-tragus arc length”), were also measured to explore the associations with successful rates. Among 396 healthy elderly participants (aged 62.6 ± 6.0 y, 140 men), 81.1% (n = 321; 127 men) had one or more temporal windows penetrable by TCD ultrasound (n = 286 [72.2%] at MTW, n = 195 [49.2%] at PTW and n = 106 [26.8%] at ATW). Regression analysis revealed that successful scanning increased significantly in male participants at three window locations. Younger age significantly increased successful scanning at the MTW and ATW. Smaller tragus-to-tragus arc length increased successful scanning at the MTW, but unsuccessful scanning at the ATW. Our findings support using MTW as the first location when positioning the TCD transducer for the scanning of cerebral arteries in the elderly population. When performing TCD scanning on two temporal windows, we propose choosing the MTW and PTW.

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