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Subject Index to Volume 39

        For a version of the subject index with embedded hyperlinks, please see http://www.umbjournal.org/content/indices

        3D

        Synonyms: 3-D, three dimensional, three-dimensional, 3-dimensional
        Mercier L, Araujo D, Haegelen C, Del Maestro RF, Petrecca K, Collins DL. Registering Pre- and Post resection 3-Dimensional Ultrasound for Improved Visualization of Residual Brain Tumor. 39:16-29.
        Zhang H, Abiose AK, Gupta D, Campbell DN, Martins JB, Sonka M, Wahle A. Novel Indices for Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony Characterization Based on Highly Automated Segmentation From Real-Time 3-D Echocardiography. 39:72-88.
        Barbosa D, Dietenbeck T, Heyde B, Houle H, Friboulet D, D'hooge J, Bernard O. Fast and Fully Automatic 3-D Echocardiographic Segmentation Using B-Spline Explicit Active Surfaces: Feasibility Study and Validation in a Clinical Setting. 39:89-101.
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Xiang H, Huang R, Cheng J, Gulinaer S, Hu R, Feng Y, Liu H. Value of Three-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Small Adnexal Masses. 39:761-768.
        Burlina P, Sprouse C, Mukherjee R, DeMenthon D, Abraham T. Patient-Specific Mitral Valve Closure Prediction Using 3D Echocardiography. 39:769-783.
        Schone M, Mannicke N, Gottwald M, Gobel F, Raum K. 3-D High-Frequency Ultrasound Improves the Estimation of Surface Properties in Degenerated Cartilage. 39:834-844.
        Housden RJ, Ma Y, Arujuna A, Nijhof N, Cathier P, Gijsbers G, Bullens R, Gill J, Rinaldi CA, Parish V, Rhode KS. Extended-Field-of-View Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Using Image-Based X-Ray Probe Tracking. 39:993-1005.
        Hjertaas JJ, Fossa H, Dybdahl GL, Gruner R, Lunde P, Matre K. Accuracy of Real-Time Single- and Multi-Beat 3-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Vitro. 39:1006-1014.
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.
        Ito A, Sugioka K, Matsumura Y, Fujita S, Iwata S, Hanatani A, Hozumi T, Ueda M, Yoshiyama M. Rapid and Accurate Assessment of Aortic Arch Atherosclerosis Using Simultaneous Multi-Plane Imaging by Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:1337-1342.
        Hollman KW, Shtein RM, Tripathy S, Kim K. Using an Ultrasound Elasticity Microscope to Map Three-Dimensional Strain in a Porcine Cornea. 39:1451-1459.
        Hata T, Mashima M, Ito M, Uketa E, Mori N, Ishimura M. Three-Dimensional HDlive Rendering Images of the Fetal Heart. 39:1513-1517.
        Barra DA, Lima JC, Mauad Filho F, Araujo Jœnior E, Martins WP. Measuring Fetal Volume During Late First Trimester by Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography Using Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. 39:1552-1559.
        Heyde B, Bouchez S, Thieren S, Vandenheuvel M, Jasaityte R, Barbosa D, Claus P, Maes F, Wouters P, D'Hooge J. Elastic Image Registration to Quantify 3-D Regional Myocardial Deformation from Volumetric Ultrasound: Experimental Validation in an Animal Model. 39:1688-1697.
        Chen L, Chen Y, Diao X-H, Fang L, Pang Y, Cheng A-Q, Li W-P, Wang Y. Comparative Study of Automated Breast 3-D Ultrasound and Handheld B-Mode Ultrasound for Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Breast Masses. 39:1735-1742.
        Boekhoven RW, Lopata RGP, van Sambeek MR, van de Vosse FN, Rutten MCM. A Novel Experimental Approach for Three-Dimensional Geometry Assessment of Calcified Human Stenotic Arteries in Vitro. 39:1875-1886.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.
        Tozaki M, Saito M, Benson J, Fan L, Isobe S. Shear Wave Velocity Measurements for Differential Diagnosis of Solid Breast Masses: A Comparison between Virtual Touch Quantification and Virtual Touch IQ. 39:2233-2245.
        Yu MH, Lee JY, Kim JH, Han JK, Choi B-I. Value of Near-Isovoxel Ultrasound for Evaluation of Ductal Communications with Pancreatic Cystic Lesions: Correlation with Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography. 39:2279-2284.
        Aristizbal O, Mamou J, Ketterling JA, Turnbull DH. High-Throughput, High-Frequency 3-D Ultrasound for in Utero Analysis of Embryonic Mouse Brain Development. 39:2321-2332.
        Sorace AG, Warram JM, Mahoney M, Zinn KR, Hoyt K. Enhancement of Adenovirus Delivery after Ultrasound-Stimulated Therapy in a Cancer Model. 39:2374-2381.
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.
        Mukherjee R, Vyas S, Juang R, Sprouse C, Burlina P. Endocardial Surface Delineation in 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:2447-2462.

        4D

        Synonyms: 4-D, four dimensional, four-dimensional, 4-dimensional
        Yang J-M, Yang S-H, Huang W-C, Tzeng C-R. Reliability of a New Method for Assessing Tension and Configuration of Transobturator Suburethral Tapes Using Four-Dimensional Ultrasound. 39:44-53.
        Arbeille P, Angoulvant D, Zuj K, Patier J, Desveaux B, Quilliet L, Charbonnier B. Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking for Assessing Improvement in Left Ventricular Contractility After Coronary Angioplasty. 39:102-110.

        A

        Acoustic microscopy

        Synonyms: scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM), ultrasound/ultrasonic microscopy, biomicroscopy
        See also: high frequency ultrasound
        Su R-J, Zhang J-M, Li R-J, Sun Y, Jiang B, Ma N, Li Z-A, Luo X-H, Song L, Xue J-L, Wang Z, Yang Y. Ultrasound Bio-microscopy for Measurement of Coronary Artery Flow and Estimation of Infarct Size in a Mouse Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction. 39:2044-2052.

        Aneurysm

        Synonyms: aneurism
        Scopus Search: Aneur*sm OR AAA
        See also: atherosclerosis, hypertension
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.

        Angiogenesis

        Synonyms: increase in vascularity, vascularisation
        Ling Z-Y, Shu S-y, Zhong S-G, Luo J, Su L, Liu Z-Z, Lan X-B, Yuan G-B, Zheng Y-Y, Ran H-T, Wang Z-G, Yin Y-H. Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction Promotes Angiogenesis and Heart Function by Inducing Myocardial Microenvironment Change. 39:2001-2010.

        Animal studies

        Synonyms: animal model
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Tych RE, Gofeld M, Jarvik JG, Kliot M, Loeser JD, McClintic AM, Ollos RJ, Pederson KD, Sparks RE, Terman GW, Mourad PD. Neuropathic Tissue Responds Preferentially to Stimulation by Intense Focused Ultrasound. 39:111-116.
        Cheung W-H, Chin W-C, Wei F-Y, Li G, Leung K-S. Applications of Exogenous Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Enhance Fracture Healing in Rat Model. 39:117-125.
        Gollwitzer H, Gloeck T, Roessner M, Langer R, Horn C, Gerdesmeyer L, Diehl P. Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) Induces New Bone Formation in vivo: Results of an Animal Study in Rabbits. 39:126-133.
        Saini R, Sorace AG, Warram JM, Mahoney MJ, Zinn KR, Hoyt K. An Animal Model Allowing Controlled Receptor Expression for Molecular Ultrasound Imaging. 39:172-180.
        Park MJ, Kim Y-S, Yang J, Sun WC, Park H, Chae SY, Namgung M-S, Choi K-S. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Enhances Targeted Delivery of Cetuximab to Colon Cancer Xenograft Model in Mice. 39:292-299.
        King RL, Brown JR, Newsome WT, Pauly KB. Effective Parameters for Ultrasound-Induced In Vivo Neurostimulation. 39:312-331.
        Noda K, Hirano T, Noda K, Kodama S, Ichimiya I, Suzuki M. Effect of Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on the Middle Ear in a Mouse Model of Acute Otitis Media. 39:413-423.
        Williams R, Wright C, Cherin E, Reznik N, Lee M, Gorelikov I, Foster FS, Matsuura N, Burns PN. Characterization of Submicron Phase-change Perfluorocarbon Droplets for Extravascular Ultrasound Imaging of Cancer. 39:475-489.
        Richards MS, Doyley MM. Non-Rigid Image Registration Based Strain Estimator for Intravascular Ultrasound Elastography. 39:515-533.
        Yang F-Y, Chen C-C, Kao Y-H, Chen C-L, Ko C-E, Horng S-C, Chen R-C. Evaluation of Dose Distribution of Molecular Delivery After Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption by Focused Ultrasound with Treatment Planning. 39:620-627.
        Wang G, Zhuo Z, Xia H, Zhang Y, He Y, Tan W, Gao Y. Investigation Into the Impact of Diagnostic Ultrasound with Microbubbles on the Capillary Permeability of Rat Hepatomas. 39:628-637.
        Nabili M, Patel H, Mahesh SP, Liu J, Geist C, Zderic V. Ultrasound-Enhanced Delivery of Antibiotics and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Into the Eye. 39:638-646.
        Elhai M, Jerome A, Marchiol C, Renault G, Ruiz B, Frechet M, Chiocchia G, Allanore Y. Performance of Skin Ultrasound to Measure Skin Involvement in Different Animal Models of Systemic Sclerosis. 39:845-852.
        Chen J-J, Fu S-Y, Chiang C-S, Hong J-H, Yeh C-K. A Preclinical Study to Explore Vasculature Differences Between Primary and Recurrent Tumors Using Ultrasound Doppler Imaging. 39:860-869.
        Liu Q, Zhao H, Wu S, Zhao X, Zhong Y, Li L, Liu Z. Impact of Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound on Liver Ethanol Ablation. 39:1039-1046.
        Kim Y, Fifer CG, Gelehrter SK, Owens GE, Berman DR, Vlaisavljevich E, Allen SP, Ladino-Torres MF, Xu Z. Developmental Impact and Lesion Maturation of Histotripsy-Mediated Non-Invasive Tissue Ablation in a Fetal Sheep Model. 39:1047-1055.
        Lin S-h, Ding H, Mao F, Xue L-Y, Lv W-w, Zhu H-G, Huang B-J, Wang W-P. Non-invasive Assessment of Liver Fibrosis in a Rat Model: Shear Wave Elasticity Imaging Versus Real-Time Elastography. 39:1215-1222.
        Eggen S, Afadzi M, Nilssen EA, Haugstad SB, Angelsen B, Davies CdL. Ultrasound Improves the Uptake and Distribution of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Prostate Cancer Xenografts. 39:1255-1266.
        Kim HC, Al-Mahrouki A, Gorjizadeh A, Karshafian R, Czarnota GJ. Effects of Biophysical Parameters in Enhancing Radiation Responses of Prostate Tumors with Ultrasound-Stimulated Microbubbles. 39:1376-1387.
        Elbes D, Denost Q, Laurent C, Trillaud H, Rullier A, Quesson B. Pre-Clinical Study of In Vivo Magnetic Resonance-Guided Bubble-Enhanced Heating in Pig Liver. 39:1388-1397.
        Vlaisavljevich E, Kim Y, Allen S, Owens G, Pelletier S, Cain C, Ives K, Xu Z. Image-Guided Non-Invasive Ultrasound Liver Ablation Using Histotripsy: Feasibility Study in an In Vivo Porcine Model. 39:1398-1409.
        Bu R, Yin L, Yang H, Wang Q, Wu F, Zou JZ. Tissue Ablation Accelerated by Peripheral Scanning Mode with High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Study on Isolated Porcine Liver Perfusion. 39:1410-1419.
        Huang Y, Vykhodtseva NI, Hynynen K. Creating Brain Lesions with Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound with Microbubbles: A Rat Study at Half a Megahertz. 39:1420-1428.
        Hollman KW, Shtein RM, Tripathy S, Kim K. Using an Ultrasound Elasticity Microscope to Map Three-Dimensional Strain in a Porcine Cornea. 39:1451-1459.
        Rohrbach D, Preininger B, Hesse B, Gerigk H, Perka C, Raum K. The Early Phases of Bone Healing Can Be Differentiated in a Rat Osteotomy Model by Focused Transverse-Transmission Ultrasound. 39:1642-1653.
        Nam K-H, Bok T-H, Kong Q, Paeng D-G. High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Observations of Pulsatile Changes in Blood Echogenicity in the Common Carotid Artery of Rats. 39:1665-1671.
        Wagstrom E, Johnson J, Ferm-Widlund K, Elmstedt N, Liuba K, Lind B, Brodin L, Lundback S, Westgren M. The Cardiac State Diagram as a Novel Approach for the Evaluation of Pre- and Post-ejection Phases of the Cardiac Cycle in Asphyxiated Fetal Lambs. 39:1682-1687.
        Heyde B, Bouchez S, Thieren S, Vandenheuvel M, Jasaityte R, Barbosa D, Claus P, Maes F, Wouters P, D'Hooge J. Elastic Image Registration to Quantify 3-D Regional Myocardial Deformation from Volumetric Ultrasound: Experimental Validation in an Animal Model. 39:1688-1697.
        Ritchie R, Collin J, Coussios C, Leslie T. Attenuation and De-focusing During High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Through Peri-nephric Fat. 39:1785-1793.
        Liao A-H, Ma W-C, Wu M-F. Evaluation of Ultrasound Combined with Chitosan for the Control of Weight and Local Fat in Mice. 39:1794-1803.
        Kremer F, Dresselaers T, Heyde B, Ferferieva V, Caluwe E, Choi HF, Claus P, Oosterlinck W, Janssens S, Himmelreich U, D'Hooge J. 2-D Strain Assessment in the Mouse Through Spatial Compounding of Myocardial Velocity Data: In Vivo Feasibility. 39:1848-1860.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.
        Lee ES, Lee JY, Kim H, Choi Y, Park J, Han JK, Choi BI. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Enhances Apoptosis of Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft with Gemcitabine. 39:1991-2000.
        Ling Z-Y, Shu S-Y, Zhong S-G, Luo J, Su L, Liu Z-Z, Lan X-B, Yuan G-B, Zheng Y-Y, Ran H-T, Wang Z-G, Yin Y-H. Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction Promotes Angiogenesis and Heart Function by Inducing Myocardial Microenvironment Change. 39:2001-2010.
        Koch SE, Haworth KJ, Robbins N, Smith MA, Lather N, Anjak A, Jiang M, Varma P, Jones WK, Rubinstein J. Age- and Gender-Related Changes in Ventricular Performance in Wild-Type FVB/N Mice as Evaluated by Conventional and Vector Velocity Echocardiography Imaging: A Retrospective Study. 39:2034-2043.
        Su R-J, Zhang J-M, Li R-J, Sun Y, Jiang B, Ma N, Li Z-A, Luo X-H, Song L, Xue J-L, Wang Z, Yang Y. Ultrasound Bio-microscopy for Measurement of Coronary Artery Flow and Estimation of Infarct Size in a Mouse Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction. 39:2044-2052.
        Wu J, Zhou Y-Q, Zou Y, Henkelman M. Evaluation of Bi-ventricular Coronary Flow Patterns Using High-Frequency Ultrasound in Mice with Transverse Aortic Constriction. 39:2053-2065.
        Tajbakhsh N, Wu H, Xue W, McMahon EM, Belohlavek M, Liang J. Motion Analysis of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Under Mild or Moderate Pressure Overload Caused by Acute Pulmonary Embolism. 39:2066-2074.
        Roosens B, Bala G, Droogmans S, Hostens J, Somja J, Delvenne E, Schiettecatte J, Delvenne P, Caveliers V, Lahoutte T, Van Camp G, Cosyns B. Echocardiographic Integrated Backscatter for Assessing Reduction of Aortic Valve Calcifications by R-568 in a Rat Model of Chronic Kidney Disease. 39:2075-2083.
        Chen X, Shen Y, Zheng Y, Lin H, Guo Y, Zhu Y, Zhang X, Wang T, Chen S. Quantification of Liver Viscoelasticity with Acoustic Radiation Force: A Study of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Rat Model. 39:2091-2102.
        Zhou X, Chen L, Feng C, Li B, Tang J, Liu A, Lv F, Li T. Establishing an Animal Model of Intracerebral Hemorrhage under the Guidance of Ultrasound. 39:2116-2122.
        Wu H, Rognin NG, Krupka TM, Solorio L, Yoshiara H, Guenette G, Sanders C, Kamiyama N, Exner AA. Acoustic Characterization and Pharmacokinetic Analyses of New Nanobubble Ultrasound Contrast Agents. 39:2137-2146.
        Tong H-P, Wang L-F, Guo Y-L, Li L, Fan X-Z, Ding J, Huang H-Y. Preparation of Protamine Cationic Nanobubbles and Experimental Study of Their Physical Properties and In Vivo Contrast Enhancement. 39:2147-2157.
        Liu GJ, Ji Q, Moriyasu F, Xie XY, Wang W, Wong LH, Lin MX, Lu MD. Value of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Using Perflubutane Microbubbles for Diagnosing Liver Fibrosis and Cirrhosis in Rats. 39:2158-2165.
        Aristizbal O, Mamou J, Ketterling JA, Turnbull DH. High-Throughput, High-Frequency 3-D Ultrasound for in Utero Analysis of Embryonic Mouse Brain Development. 39:2321-2332.
        Lavarello RJ, Ridgway WR, Sarwate SS, Oelze ML. Characterization of Thyroid Cancer in Mouse Models Using High-Frequency Quantitative Ultrasound Techniques. 39:2333-2341.
        Fowler R, Fossheim S, Mestas JL, Ngo J, Canet-Soulas E, Lafon C. Non-Invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-Up Of Sono-Sensitive Liposome Tumor Deliveryand Controlled Release After High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:2342-2350.
        Anderson CD, Urschitz J, Khemmani M, Owens JB, Moisyadi S, Shohet RV, Walton CB. Ultrasound Directs a Transposase System for Durable Hepatic Gene Delivery in Mice. 39:2351-2361.
        Roll SC, Evans KD, Volz KR, Sommerich CM. Longitudinal Design for Sonographic Measurement of Median Nerve Swelling with Controlled Exposure to Physical Work Using an Animal Model. 39:2492-2497.

        Arrays

        Synonyms: phased array, beam steering, compound imaging
        See also: transducers
        Gourevich D, Hertzberg Y, Volovick A, Shafran Y, Navon G, Cochran S, Melzer A. Ultrasound-Mediated Targeted Drug Delivery Generated by Multifocal Beam Patterns: An In vitro Study. 39:507-514.
        Ponnle A, Hasegawa H, Kanai H. Suppression of Grating Lobe Artifacts in Ultrasound Images Formed from Diverging Transmitting Beams by Modulation of Receiving Beams. 39:681-691.
        Novell A, Escoffre J-M, Bouakaz A. Second Harmonic and Subharmonic for Non-Linear Wideband Contrast Imaging Using a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer Array. 39:1500-1512.
        Artefacts
        See image artifacts

        Atherosclerosis

        Synonyms: vascular disease, atheromatous plaque, arterial hardening
        See also: blood vessels, aneurysm
        Ito A, Sugioka K, Matsumura Y, Fujita S, Iwata S, Hanatani A, Hozumi T, Ueda M, Yoshiyama M. Rapid and Accurate Assessment of Aortic Arch Atherosclerosis Using Simultaneous Multi-Plane Imaging by Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:1337-1342.
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.
        Alberti M, Balocco S, Carrillo X, Mauri J, Radeva P. Automatic Non-rigid Temporal Alignment of Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences: Method and Quantitative Validation. 39:1698-1712.
        Boekhoven RW, Lopata RGP, van Sambeek MR, van de Vosse FN, Rutten MCM. A Novel Experimental Approach for Three-Dimensional Geometry Assessment of Calcified Human Stenotic Arteries in Vitro. 39:1875-1886.
        Deleaval F, Bouvier A, Finet G, Cloutier G, Yazdani SK, Le Floc'h S, Clarysse P, Pettigrew RI, Ohayon J. The Intravascular Ultrasound Elasticity-Palpography Technique Revisited: A Reliable Tool for the In Vivo Detection of Vulnerable Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaques. 39:1469-1481.

        Attenuation

        Synonyms: BUA
        Scopus Search: attenuat* OR BUA
        Ritchie R, Collin J, Coussios C, Leslie T. Attenuation and De-focusing During High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Through Peri-nephric Fat. 39:1785-1793.
        Kanayama Y, Kamiyama N, Maruyama K, Sumino Y. Real-Time Ultrasound Attenuation Imaging of Diffuse Fatty Liver Disease. 39:692-705.

        B

        Backscatter

        Synonyms: back scatter, backscattering
        Roosens B, Bala G, Droogmans S, Hostens J, Somja J, Delvenne E, Schiettecatte J, Delvenne P, Caveliers V, Lahoutte T, Van Camp G, Cosyns B. Echocardiographic Integrated Backscatter for Assessing Reduction of Aortic Valve Calcifications by R-568 in a Rat Model of Chronic Kidney Disease. 39:2075-2083.
        Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G, Morris H, Coussios C, Friend P, Bamber J. Calibration of Ultrasound Backscatter Temperature Imaging for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment Planning. 39:1596-1612.
        Zhang R, Ta D, Liu C, Chen C. Feasibility of Bone Assessment with Ultrasonic Backscatter Signals in Neonates. 39:1751-1759.

        Bacteria

        Synonyms: biofilms, infection
        Iqbal K, Ohl S-W, Khoo B-C, Neo J, Fawzy AS. Effect of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on Enterococcus Faecalis Planktonic Suspensions and Biofilms. 39:825-833.

        Biological effects

        Synonyms: Bioeffects, Biochemical effect
        Scopus Search: "bio*effect*"
        See also: therapeutic effects of ultrasound, thermal effects
        Zhong W, Chen X, Jiang P, Wan JMF, Qin P, Yu ACH. Induction of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress by Sonoporation: Linkage to Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis Initiation. 39:2382-2392.
        ter Haar GR, Abramowicz JS, Akiyama I, Evans DH, Ziskin MC, Marsal K. Do We Need to Restrict the Use of Doppler Ultrasound in the First Trimester of Pregnancy? 39:374-380.
        Hu Y, Zhong W, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Ultrasound can Modulate Neuronal Development: Impact on Neurite Growth and Cell Body Morphology. 39:915-925.
        Louw TM, Budhiraja G, Viljoen HJ, Subramanian A. Mechanotransduction of Ultrasound is Frequency Dependent Below the Cavitation Threshold. 39:1303-1319.
        Thakkar D, Gupta R, Monson K, Rapoport N. Effect of Ultrasound on the Permeability of Vascular Wall to Nano-emulsion Droplets. 39:1804-1811.
        Gateau J, Taccoen N, Tanter M, Aubry J-F. Statistics of Acoustically Induced Bubble-Nucleation Events in in Vitro Blood: A Feasibility Study. 39:1812-1825.

        Biomarkers

        Synonyms: Identification
        Scopus Search: “bio*mark*”
        See also: Molecular imaging
        Forbrich A, Paproski R, Hitt M, Zemp R. Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound Liberation of mRNA Biomarkers In Vitro. 39:1087-1093.

        Biometrics

        Synonyms: Identification
        Scopus Search: "bio*metric*"
        Sande RK, Matre K, Eide GE, Kiserud T. The Effect of Ultrasound Output Level on Obstetric Biometric Measurements. 39:37-43.

        Blood perfusion

        Synonyms: tissue perfusion, vascularity
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.

        Blood flow

        Synonyms: haemodynamics, venous reflux
        See also: Doppler
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.
        Su R-J, Zhang J-M, Li R-J, Sun Y, Jiang B, Ma N, Li Z-A, Luo X-H, Song L, Xue J-L, Wang Z, Yang Y. Ultrasound Bio-microscopy for Measurement of Coronary Artery Flow and Estimation of Infarct Size in a Mouse Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction. 39:2044-2052.
        Nam K-H, Bok T-H, Kong Q, Paeng D-G. High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Observations of Pulsatile Changes in Blood Echogenicity in the Common Carotid Artery of Rats. 39:1665-1671.
        Wu J, Zhou Y-Q, Zou Y, Henkelman M. Evaluation of Bi-ventricular Coronary Flow Patterns Using High-Frequency Ultrasound in Mice with Transverse Aortic Constriction. 39:2053-2065.
        Tajbakhsh N, Wu H, Xue W, McMahon EM, Belohlavek M, Liang J. Motion Analysis of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Under Mild or Moderate Pressure Overload Caused by Acute Pulmonary Embolism. 39:2066-2074.
        Gao J, Chevalier J, Auh YH, Rubin JM, Wang H, Sun L-N, Seshan S, Min R. Correlation Between Doppler Parameters and Renal Cortical Fibrosis in Lupus Nephritis: A Preliminary Observation. 39:275-282.
        Mc Loughlin MJ, Mc Loughlin S. Diastolic Retrograde Arterial Flow and Biphasic Abdominal Aortic Doppler Wave Pattern: An Early Sign of Arterial Wall Deterioration? 39:592-596.
        Huang C-C, Liao C-C, Lee P-Y, Shih C-C. The Effect of Flow Acceleration on the Cyclic Variation of Blood Echogenicity Under Pulsatile Flow. 39:670-680.
        Saeed NP, Panerai RB, Robinson TG. The Carotid Artery as an Alternative Site to the Middle Cerebral Artery for Reproducible Estimates of Autoregulation Index. 39:735-741.
        Wu Y-C, Hsieh W-S, Hsu C-H, Chiu N-C, Chou H-C, Chen C-Y, Peng S-F, Hung H-Y, Chang J-H, Chen WJ, Jeng S-F. Relationship of Neonatal Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Asymmetry with Early Motor, Cognitive and Language Development in Term Infants. 39:797-803.
        Mynard JP, Steinman DA. Effect of Velocity Profile Skewing on Blood Velocity and Volume Flow Waveforms Derived From Maximum Doppler Spectral Velocity. 39:870-881.
        Yang X, Sun C, Anderson T, Moran CM, Hadoke PWF, Gray GA, Hoskins PR. Assessment of Spectral Doppler in Preclinical Ultrasound Using a Small-Size Rotating Phantom. 39:1491-1499.
        Haubrich C, Steiner LA, Diehl RR, Kasprowicz M, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Czosnyka M. Doppler Flow Velocity and Intra-cranial Pressure: Responses to Short-Term Mild Hypocapnia Help to Assess the Pressure-Volume Relationship After Head Injury. 39:1521-1526.
        Lai SSM, Yiu BYS, Poon AKK, Yu ACH. Design of Anthropomorphic Flow Phantoms Based on Rapid Prototyping of Compliant Vessel Geometries. 39:1654-1664.
        Zhou B, Fraser KH, Poelma C, Mari J-M, Eckersley RJ, Weinberg PD, Tang M-X. Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry: Effect of Beam Sweeping on Velocity Estimation. 39:1672-1681.
        Ricci S, Cinthio M, Ahlgren AR, Tortoli P. Accuracy and Reproducibility of a Novel Dynamic Volume Flow Measurement Method. 39:1903-1914.
        Struijk PC, Migchels H, Mathews JV, Stewart PA, Clark EB, de Korte CL, Lotgering FK. Fetal Aortic Distensibility, Compliance and Pulse Pressure Assessment during the Second Half of Pregnancy. 39:1966-1975.
        Huang H, Sejdi E. Assessment of Resting-State Blood Flow Through Anterior Cerebral Arteries Using Trans-cranial Doppler Recordings. 39:2285-2294.
        Kokkalis E, Hoskins PR, Corner GA, Stonebridge PA, Doull AJ, Houston JG. Secondary Flow in Peripheral Vascular Prosthetic Grafts Using Vector Doppler Imaging. 39:2295-2307.

        Blood vessel

        Synonyms: artery, vein, capillary, vascular
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.
        Ito A, Sugioka K, Matsumura Y, Fujita S, Iwata S, Hanatani A, Hozumi T, Ueda M, Yoshiyama M. Rapid and Accurate Assessment of Aortic Arch Atherosclerosis Using Simultaneous Multi-Plane Imaging by Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:1337-1342.
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.
        Rossel T, Kersting S, Heller AR, Koch T. Combination of High-Resolution Ultrasound-Guided Perivascular Regional Anesthesia of the Internal Carotid Artery and Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block for Carotid Surgery. 39:981-986.
        Yli-Ollila H, Laitinen T, Weckstrom M, Laitinen TM. Axial and Radial Waveforms in Common Carotid Artery: An Advanced Method for Studying Arterial Elastic Properties in Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1168-1177.
        Riha K, Masek J, Burget R, Benes R, Zavodna E. Novel Method for Localization of Common Carotid Artery Transverse Section in Ultrasound Images Using Modified Viola-Jones Detector. 39:1887-1902.

        Blood-brain barrier

        Synonyms: BBB
        See also: thrombolysis, transcranial ultrasound
        Yang F-Y, Chen C-C, Kao Y-H, Chen C-L, Ko C-E, Horng S-C, Chen R-C. Evaluation of Dose Distribution of Molecular Delivery After Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption by Focused Ultrasound with Treatment Planning. 39:620-627.

        Bone

        Synonyms: osteo-
        Uddin SMZ, Hadjiargyrou M, Cheng J, Zhang S, Hu M, Qin Y-X. Reversal of the Detrimental Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Human Osteoblasts by Modified Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound. 39:804-812.
        Long T, Xu J, McClure SR, Amin V, Haynes J. Potential Femoral Head Osteonecrosis Model Induced by High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:1056-1065.
        Kilappa V, Xu K, Moilanen P, Heikkola E, Ta D, Timonen J. Assessment of the Fundamental Flexural Guided Wave in Cortical Bone by an Ultrasonic Axial-Transmission Array Transducer. 39:1223-1232.
        Tuijthof GJM, Kok AC, Terra MP, Aaftink JFA, Streekstra GJ, van Dijk CN, Kerkhoffs GMMJ. Sensitivity and Specificity of Ultrasound in Detecting (Osteo)Chondral Defects: A Cadaveric Study. 39:1368-1375.
        Li H, Le LH, Sacchi MD, Lou EHM. Ultrasound Imaging of Long Bone Fractures and Healing with the Split-Step Fourier Imaging Method. 39:1482-1490.
        Zhang R, Ta D, Liu C, Chen C. Feasibility of Bone Assessment with Ultrasonic Backscatter Signals in Neonates. 39:1751-1759.
        Mathieu V, Chappard C, Vayron R, Michel A, Haiat G. Radial Anatomic Variation of Ultrasonic Velocity in Human Cortical Bone. 39:2185-2193.
        Tran TNHT, Stieglitz L, Gu YJ, Le LH. Analysis of Ultrasonic Waves Propagating in a Bone Plate over a Water Half-Space with and without Overlying Soft Tissue. 39:2422-2430.

        Bone density measurement

        Synonyms: Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound, bone mineral density test, bone mass measurement
        Uddin SMZ, Hadjiargyrou M, Cheng J, Zhang S, Hu M, Qin Y-X. Reversal of the Detrimental Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Human Osteoblasts by Modified Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound. 39:804-812.

        Book review

        Gibson RN. Abdominal Ultrasound: Step by Step (Second Edition). 39:552.
        Kendall CB. Oxford Handbook of Medical Imaging. 39:930-931.
        Claudon M. Ultrasound in Clinical Diagnosis: From Pioneering Developments in Lund to Global Application in Medicine. 39:932.
        Smith J. EFSUMB Course Book on Ultrasound. 39:1128.
        Eckersley RJ. Sound and Signals (Signals and Communication Technology). 39:1518.
        Evans T. The Safe Use of Ultrasound in Medical Diagnosis (Third Edition). 39:1930.
        Catalano O. Critical Care Ultrasonography. 39:2211.
        Mulvana H. Single-Cell Analysis: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology 853, John M Walker, Series Editor). 39:2212.
        Skoloudik D. Interventional Stroke Therapy. 39:2213.

        Brain

        Synonyms: cerebral, cerebrovascular, cerebrum
        Wu Y-C, Hsieh W-S, Hsu C-H, Chiu N-C, Chou H-C, Chen C-Y, Peng S-F, Hung H-Y, Chang J-H, Chen WJ, Jeng S-F. Relationship of Neonatal Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Asymmetry with Early Motor, Cognitive and Language Development in Term Infants. 39:797-803.
        Mercier L, Araujo D, Haegelen C, Del Maestro RF, Petrecca K, Collins DL. Registering Pre- and Post resection 3-Dimensional Ultrasound for Improved Visualization of Residual Brain Tumor. 39:16-29.
        Sahuquillo P, Tembl JI, Parkhutik V, Velazquez JF, Sastre I, Lago A. The Study of Deep Brain Structures by Transcranial Duplex Sonography and Imaging Resonance Correlation. 39:226-232.
        Lucht B, Hubbell A, Hynynen K. Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Two-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging Using Shear-Mode Conversion at Low Frequency. 39:332-344.
        Huang Y, Vykhodtseva NI, Hynynen K. Creating Brain Lesions with Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound with Microbubbles: A Rat Study at Half a Megahertz. 39:1420-1428.
        Zhou X, Chen L, Feng C, Li B, Tang J, Liu A, Lv F, Li T. Establishing an Animal Model of Intracerebral Hemorrhage under the Guidance of Ultrasound. 39:2116-2122.

        Breast

        Synonyms: mammary glands
        Scopus Search: Breast OR Mamm*
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Chen L, Chen Y, Diao X-H, Fang L, Pang Y, Cheng A-Q, Li W-P, Wang Y. Comparative Study of Automated Breast 3-D Ultrasound and Handheld B-Mode Ultrasound for Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Breast Masses. 39:1735-1742.
        Tozaki M, Saito M, Benson J, Fan L, Isobe S. Shear Wave Velocity Measurements for Differential Diagnosis of Solid Breast Masses: A Comparison between Virtual Touch Quantification and Virtual Touch IQ. 39:2233-2245.
        Youn I, Choi SH, Moon HJ, Kim MJ, Kim E-K. Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: Ultrasonographic Findings and Diagnostic Performance of Ultrasound-Guided Core Needle Biopsy. 39:987-992.
        Li N, Jiang Y-X, Zhu Q-L, Zhang J, Dai Q, Liu H, Yang Q, Wang H-Y, Lai X-J, Sun Q. Accuracy of an Automated Breast Volume Ultrasound System for Assessment of the Pre-operative Extent of Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Comparison with a Conventional Handheld Ultrasound Examination. 39:2255-2263.
        Choi JS, Kim MJ, Youk JH, Moon HJ, Suh HJ, Kim E-K. US-Guided Optical Tomography: Correlation with Clinicopathologic Variables in Breast Cancer. 39:233-240.
        Thittai AK, Yamal J-M, Ophir J. Small Breast Lesion Classification Performance Using the Normalized Axial-Shear Strain Area Feature. 39:543-548.
        Alhabshi SMI, Rahmat K, Abdul Halim N, Aziz S, Radhika S, Gan GC, Vijayananthan A, Westerhout CJ, Mohd-Shah MN, Jaszle S, Harlina Mohd Latar N, Muhammad R. Semi-Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Breast Ultrasound Elastography in Differentiating Between Malignant and Benign Lesions. 39:568-578.
        Tsai W-C, Lin CK-J, Wei H-K, Yu B-L, Hung C-F, Cheng SH, Chen C-M. Sonographic Elastography Improves the Sensitivity and Specificity of Axilla Sampling in Breast Cancer: A Prospective Study. 39:941-949.
        Moon WK, Chang S-C, Chang JM, Cho N, Huang C-S, Kuo J-W, Chang R-F. Classification of Breast Tumors Using Elastographic and B-mode Features: Comparison of Automatic Selection of Representative Slice and Physician-Selected Slice of Images. 39:1147-1157.
        Kaoku S, Konishi E, Fujimoto Y, Tohno E, Shiina T, Kondo K, Yamazaki S, Kajihara M, Shinkura N, Yanagisawa A. Sonographic and Pathologic Image Analysis of Pure Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast. 39:1158-1167.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Xie Z, Hooi FM, Fowlkes JB, Pinsky RW, Wang X, Carson PL. Combined Photoacoustic and Acoustic Imaging of Human Breast Specimens in the Mammographic Geometry. 39:2176-2184.
        Wojcinski S, Brandhorst K, Sadigh G, Hillemanns P, Degenhardt F. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging with Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification: Measurements of Normal Breast Tissue and Dependence on the Degree of Pre-compression. 39:2226-2232.
        Chae EY, Shin HJ, Kim HJ, Yoo H, Baek S, Cha JH, Kim HH. Diagnostic Performance of Automated Breast Ultrasound as a Replacement for a Hand-Held Second-Look Ultrasound for Breast Lesions Detected Initially on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:2246-2254.
        Farrokh A, Wojcinski S, Degenhardt F. Evaluation of Real-Time Tissue Sono-elastography in the Assessment of 214 Breast Lesions: Limitations of This Method Resulting from Different Histologic Subtypes, Tumor Size and Tumor Localization. 39:2264-2271.

        C

        Calibration

        Synonyms: standards, metrology, quality assurance
        See also: dosimetry, safety, instrumentation
        Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G, Morris H, Coussios C, Friend P, Bamber J. Calibration of Ultrasound Backscatter Temperature Imaging for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment Planning. 39:1596-1612.

        Cancer

        Synonyms: tumor
        Scopus Search: cancer*
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Li N, Jiang Y-X, Zhu Q-L, Zhang J, Dai Q, Liu H, Yang Q, Wang H-Y, Lai X-J, Sun Q. Accuracy of an Automated Breast Volume Ultrasound System for Assessment of the Pre-operative Extent of Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Comparison with a Conventional Handheld Ultrasound Examination. 39:2255-2263.
        Moon WK, Chang S-C, Chang JM, Cho N, Huang C-S, Kuo J-W, Chang R-F. Classification of Breast Tumors Using Elastographic and B-mode Features: Comparison of Automatic Selection of Representative Slice and Physician-Selected Slice of Images. 39:1147-1157.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Chae EY, Shin HJ, Kim HJ, Yoo H, Baek S, Cha JH, Kim HH. Diagnostic Performance of Automated Breast Ultrasound as a Replacement for a Hand-Held Second-Look Ultrasound for Breast Lesions Detected Initially on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:2246-2254.
        Chen L, Chen Y, Diao X-H, Fang L, Pang Y, Cheng A-Q, Li W-P, Wang Y. Comparative Study of Automated Breast 3-D Ultrasound and Handheld B-Mode Ultrasound for Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Breast Masses. 39:1735-1742.
        Tozaki M, Saito M, Benson J, Fan L, Isobe S. Shear Wave Velocity Measurements for Differential Diagnosis of Solid Breast Masses: A Comparison between Virtual Touch Quantification and Virtual Touch IQ. 39:2233-2245.
        Youn I, Choi SH, Moon HJ, Kim MJ, Kim E-K. Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: Ultrasonographic Findings and Diagnostic Performance of Ultrasound-Guided Core Needle Biopsy. 39:987-992.
        Choi JS, Kim MJ, Youk JH, Moon HJ, Suh HJ, Kim E-K. US-Guided Optical Tomography: Correlation with Clinicopathologic Variables in Breast Cancer. 39:233-240.
        Thittai AK, Yamal J-M, Ophir J. Small Breast Lesion Classification Performance Using the Normalized Axial-Shear Strain Area Feature. 39:543-548.
        Alhabshi SMI, Rahmat K, Abdul Halim N, Aziz S, Radhika S, Gan GC, Vijayananthan A, Westerhout CJ, Mohd-Shah MN, Jaszle S, Harlina Mohd Latar N, Muhammad R. Semi-Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Breast Ultrasound Elastography in Differentiating Between Malignant and Benign Lesions. 39:568-578.
        Tsai W-C, Lin CK-J, Wei H-K, Yu B-L, Hung C-F, Cheng SH, Chen C-M. Sonographic Elastography Improves the Sensitivity and Specificity of Axilla Sampling in Breast Cancer: A Prospective Study. 39:941-949.
        Kaoku S, Konishi E, Fujimoto Y, Tohno E, Shiina T, Kondo K, Yamazaki S, Kajihara M, Shinkura N, Yanagisawa A. Sonographic and Pathologic Image Analysis of Pure Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast. 39:1158-1167.
        Farrokh A, Wojcinski S, Degenhardt F. Evaluation of Real-Time Tissue Sono-elastography in the Assessment of 214 Breast Lesions: Limitations of This Method Resulting from Different Histologic Subtypes, Tumor Size and Tumor Localization. 39:2264-2271.
        Mercier L, Araujo D, Haegelen C, Del Maestro RF, Petrecca K, Collins DL. Registering Pre- and Postresection 3-Dimensional Ultrasound for Improved Visualization of Residual Brain Tumor. 39:16-29.
        Fujiwara T, Tomokuni J, Iwanaga K, Ooba S, Haji T. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Reactive and Malignant/Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:1178-1183.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.
        Park MJ, Kim Y-s, Yang J, Sun WC, Park H, Chae SY, Namgung M-S, Choi K-S. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Enhances Targeted Delivery of Cetuximab to Colon Cancer Xenograft Model in Mice. 39:292-299.
        Chen J-J, Fu S-Y, Chiang C-S, Hong J-H, Yeh C-K. A Preclinical Study to Explore Vasculature Differences Between Primary and Recurrent Tumors Using Ultrasound Doppler Imaging. 39:860-869.
        Liu Q, Zhao H, Wu S, Zhao X, Zhong Y, Li L, Liu Z. Impact of Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound on Liver Ethanol Ablation. 39:1039-1046.
        Eggen S, Afadzi M, Nilssen EA, Haugstad SB, Angelsen B, Davies CdL. Ultrasound Improves the Uptake and Distribution of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Prostate Cancer Xenografts. 39:1255-1266.
        Kim HC, Al-Mahrouki A, Gorjizadeh A, Karshafian R, Czarnota GJ. Effects of Biophysical Parameters in Enhancing Radiation Responses of Prostate Tumors with Ultrasound-Stimulated Microbubbles. 39:1376-1387.
        Lee ES, Lee JY, Kim H, Choi Y, Park J, Han JK, Choi BI. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Enhances Apoptosis of Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft with Gemcitabine. 39:1991-2000.
        Wu H, Rognin NG, Krupka TM, Solorio L, Yoshiara H, Guenette G, Sanders C, Kamiyama N, Exner AA. Acoustic Characterization and Pharmacokinetic Analyses of New Nanobubble Ultrasound Contrast Agents. 39:2137-2146.
        Tong H-P, Wang L-F, Guo Y-L, Li L, Fan X-Z, Ding J, Huang H-Y. Preparation of Protamine Cationic Nanobubbles and Experimental Study of Their Physical Properties and In Vivo Contrast Enhancement. 39:2147-2157.
        Lavarello RJ, Ridgway WR, Sarwate SS, Oelze ML. Characterization of Thyroid Cancer in Mouse Models Using High-Frequency Quantitative Ultrasound Techniques. 39:2333-2341.
        Xiang H, Huang R, Cheng J, Gulinaer S, Hu R, Feng Y, Liu H. Value of Three-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Small Adnexal Masses. 39:761-768.
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Liang L, Xie S, Jiang L, Jin H, Li S, Liu J. The Combined Effects of Hematoporphyrin Monomethyl Ether-SDT and Doxorubicin on the Proliferation of QBC939 Cell Lines. 39:146-160.
        Choi YJ, Lee JH, Lim HK, Kim SY, Han MW, Cho K-J, Baek JH. Quantitative Shear Wave Elastography in the Evaluation of Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:935-940.
        Forbrich A, Paproski R, Hitt M, Zemp R. Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound Liberation of mRNA Biomarkers In Vitro. 39:1087-1093.
        Kim DW, Lee YJ, Eom JW, Jung SJ, Ha TK, Kang T. Ultrasound-Based Diagnosis for Solid Thyroid Nodules with the Largest Diameter <5 mm. 39:1190-1196.
        Pompili G, Tresoldi S, Primolevo A, De Pasquale L, Di Leo G, Cornalba G. Management of Thyroid Follicular Proliferation: An Ultrasound-Based Malignancy Score to Opt for Surgical or Conservative Treatment. 39:1350-1355.
        Qu P, Yu X, Liang P, Cheng Z, Han Z, Liu F, Yu J. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Characterization of Hepatocellular Carcinomas Treated by Ablation: Comparison with Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:1571-1579.
        Kuenen MPJ, Saidov TA, Wijkstra H, Mischi M. Contrast-Ultrasound Dispersion Imaging for Prostate Cancer Localization by Improved Spatiotemporal Similarity Analysis. 39:1631-1641.
        Williams R, Wright C, Cherin E, Reznik N, Lee M, Gorelikov I, Foster FS, Matsuura N, Burns PN. Characterization of Submicron Phase-change Perfluorocarbon Droplets for Extravascular Ultrasound Imaging of Cancer. 39:475-489.
        Sorace AG, Warram JM, Mahoney M, Zinn KR, Hoyt K. Enhancement of Adenovirus Delivery after Ultrasound-Stimulated Therapy in a Cancer Model. 39:2374-2381.

        Cardiology

        Synonyms: heart, cardiography
        See also: echocardiography
        Zhang H, Abiose AK, Gupta D, Campbell DN, Martins JB, Sonka M, Wahle A. Novel Indices for Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony Characterization Based on Highly Automated Segmentation From Real-Time 3-D Echocardiography. 39:72-88.
        Barbosa D, Dietenbeck T, Heyde B, Houle H, Friboulet D, D'hooge J, Bernard O. Fast and Fully Automatic 3-D Echocardiographic Segmentation Using B-Spline Explicit Active Surfaces: Feasibility Study and Validation in a Clinical Setting. 39:89-101.
        Heyde B, Bouchez S, Thieren S, Vandenheuvel M, Jasaityte R, Barbosa D, Claus P, Maes F, Wouters P, D'Hooge J. Elastic Image Registration to Quantify 3-D Regional Myocardial Deformation from Volumetric Ultrasound: Experimental Validation in an Animal Model. 39:1688-1697.
        Wagstrom E, Johnson J, Ferm-Widlund K, Elmstedt N, Liuba K, Lind B, Brodin L, Lundback S, Westgren M. The Cardiac State Diagram as a Novel Approach for the Evaluation of Pre- and Post-ejection Phases of the Cardiac Cycle in Asphyxiated Fetal Lambs. 39:1682-1687.
        Kremer F, Dresselaers T, Heyde B, Ferferieva V, Caluwe E, Choi HF, Claus P, Oosterlinck W, Janssens S, Himmelreich U, D'Hooge J. 2-D Strain Assessment in the Mouse Through Spatial Compounding of Myocardial Velocity Data: In Vivo Feasibility. 39:1848-1860.
        Arbeille P, Angoulvant D, Zuj K, Patier J, Desveaux B, Quilliet L, Charbonnier B. Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking for Assessing Improvement in Left Ventricular Contractility After Coronary Angioplasty. 39:102-110.
        Hata T, Mashima M, Ito M, Uketa E, Mori N, Ishimura M. Three-Dimensional HDlive Rendering Images of the Fetal Heart. 39:1513-1517.
        Lee H-H, Hung C-S, Wu X-M, Wu V-C, Liu K-L, Wang S-M, Lin L-C, Chen P-C, Guo Y-L, Chueh S-C, Lin Y-H, Ho Y-L, Wu K-D. Myocardial Ultrasound Tissue Characterization of Patients With Primary Aldosteronism. 39:54-61.
        Quader N, Jalal U, Raslan S, Srivathsan K, Wilansky S, Unzek S, Chandrasekran K, Mookadam F. Worsening Left Ventricular Apical Peak Strain Early After Right Ventricular Pacing. 39:261-268.
        Dini FL, Guarini G, Pedrizzetti G, Miccoli M, Zito MC, Baggiani A, Conti U, Di Bello V, Marzilli M. Ultrasound Assessment of the Force-Frequency Relationship from the Law of Conservation of Momentum in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction. 39:585-591.
        Zagorka JB, Aleksandra PM, Bosiljka VTP, Marija BKV, Edita C, Tatjana PP, Nadezda SCM. The Significance of the Ultrasound Diagnostics in Evaluation of the Emboligenic Pathogenesis of Transient Ischemic Attacks. 39:597-603.
        Negishi K, Lucas S, Negishi T, Hamilton J, Marwick TH. What is the Primary Source of Discordance in Strain Measurement Between Vendors: Imaging or Analysis? 39:714-720.
        Van der Ende J, Velazquez Antona CA, Erdmenger Orellana J, Romero Cardenas, Roldan FJ, Vargas Barron J. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Measured by Speckle Tracking as a Predictor of the Decrease in Left Ventricular Deformation in Children with Congenital Stenosis of the Aorta or Coarctation of the Aorta. 39:1207-1214.
        Lediju Bell MA, Goswami R, Kisslo JA, Dahl JJ, Trahey GE. Short-Lag Spatial Coherence Imaging of Cardiac Ultrasound Data: Initial Clinical Results. 39:1861-1874.
        Tzschatzsch H, Hattasch R, Knebel F, Klaua R, Schultz M, Jenderka K-V, Braun J, Sack I. Isovolumetric Elasticity Alteration in the Human Heart Detected by In Vivo Time-Harmonic Elastography. 39:2272-2278.
        Miller RM, Kim Y, Lin K-W, Cain CA, Owens GE, Xu Z. Histotripsy Cardiac Therapy System Integrated with Real-Time Motion Correction. 39:2362-2373.
        Su R-J, Zhang J-M, Li R-J, Sun Y, Jiang B, Ma N, Li Z-A, Luo X-H, Song L, Xue J-L, Wang Z, Yang Y. Ultrasound Bio-microscopy for Measurement of Coronary Artery Flow and Estimation of Infarct Size in a Mouse Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction. 39:2044-2052.
        Ling Z-Y, Shu S-y, Zhong S-G, Luo J, Su L, Liu Z-Z, Lan X-B, Yuan G-B, Zheng Y-Y, Ran H-T, Wang Z-G, Yin Y-H. Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction Promotes Angiogenesis and Heart Function by Inducing Myocardial Microenvironment Change. 39:2001-2010.
        Koch SE, Haworth KJ, Robbins N, Smith MA, Lather N, Anjak A, Jiang M, Varma P, Jones WK, Rubinstein J. Age- and Gender-Related Changes in Ventricular Performance in Wild-Type FVB/N Mice as Evaluated by Conventional and Vector Velocity Echocardiography Imaging: A Retrospective Study. 39:2034-2043.
        Wu J, Zhou Y-Q, Zou Y, Henkelman M. Evaluation of Bi-ventricular Coronary Flow Patterns Using High-Frequency Ultrasound in Mice with Transverse Aortic Constriction. 39:2053-2065.
        Tajbakhsh N, Wu H, Xue W, McMahon EM, Belohlavek M, Liang J. Motion Analysis of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Under Mild or Moderate Pressure Overload Caused by Acute Pulmonary Embolism. 39:2066-2074.
        Roosens B, Bala G, Droogmans S, Hostens J, Somja J, Delvenne E, Schiettecatte J, Delvenne P, Caveliers V, Lahoutte T, Van Camp G, Cosyns B. Echocardiographic Integrated Backscatter for Assessing Reduction of Aortic Valve Calcifications by R-568 in a Rat Model of Chronic Kidney Disease. 39:2075-2083.
        Burlina P, Sprouse C, Mukherjee R, DeMenthon D, Abraham T. Patient-Specific Mitral Valve Closure Prediction Using 3D Echocardiography. 39:769-783.

        Cartilage

        Synonyms:
        Schone M, Mannicke N, Gottwald M, Gobel F, Raum K. 3-D High-Frequency Ultrasound Improves the Estimation of Surface Properties in Degenerated Cartilage. 39:834-844.
        Liukkonen J, Hirvasniemi J, Joukainen A, Penttila P, Viren T, Saarakkala S, Kroger H, Jurvelin JS, Toyras J. Arthroscopic Ultrasound Technique for Simultaneous Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone: An In Vitro and In Vivo Feasibility Study. 39:1460-1468.

        Cavitation

        Synonyms: bubble dynamics, acoustic cavitation, bubble collapse
        See also: contrast agents
        Zhong W, Chen X, Jiang P, Wan JMF, Qin P, Yu ACH. Induction of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress by Sonoporation: Linkage to Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis Initiation. 39:2382-2392.
        Gateau J, Taccoen N, Tanter M, Aubry J-F. Statistics of Acoustically Induced Bubble-Nucleation Events in in Vitro Blood: A Feasibility Study. 39:1812-1825.
        Maxwell AD, Cain CA, Hall TL, Fowlkes JB, Xu Z. Probability of Cavitation for Single Ultrasound Pulses Applied to Tissues and Tissue-Mimicking Materials. 39:449-465.
        Hu Y, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Membrane Perforation and Recovery Dynamics in Microbubble-Mediated Sonoporation. 39:2393-2405.
        Bull V, Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G. A Comparison of Acoustic Cavitation Detection Thresholds Measured with Piezo-electric and Fiber-optic Hydrophone Sensors. 39:2406-2421.
        Louw TM, Budhiraja G, Viljoen HJ, Subramanian A. Mechanotransduction of Ultrasound is Frequency Dependent Below the Cavitation Threshold. 39:1303-1319.
        Zhang C-B, Cao H-L, Li Q, Tu J, Guo X, Liu Z, Zhang D. Enhancement Effect of Ultrasound-Induced Microbubble Cavitation on Branched Polyethylenimine-Mediated VEGF165 Transfection With Varied N/P Ratio. 39:161-171.

        Cavitation detection

        Synonyms: Broadband Noise, ACD, PCD
        See also: instrumentation
        Gateau J, Taccoen N, Tanter M, Aubry J-F. Statistics of Acoustically Induced Bubble-Nucleation Events in in Vitro Blood: A Feasibility Study. 39:1812-1825.
        Maxwell AD, Cain CA, Hall TL, Fowlkes JB, Xu Z. Probability of Cavitation for Single Ultrasound Pulses Applied to Tissues and Tissue-Mimicking Materials. 39:449-465.
        Bull V, Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G. A Comparison of Acoustic Cavitation Detection Thresholds Measured with Piezo-electric and Fiber-optic Hydrophone Sensors. 39:2406-2421.

        Clinical note

        Menozzi G, Maccabruni V, Gabbi E, Leone N, Calzolari M. Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Evaluation of Splenic Embolization in Patients with Definite Left-Sided Infective Endocarditis. 39:2205-2210.

        Clinical Applications of Ultrasound

        Synonyms: Clinical study, clinical trial
        Ozkan F, Yavuz YC, Inci MF, Altunoluk B, Ozcan N, Yuksel M, Sayarlioglu H, Dogan E. Interobserver Variability of Ultrasound Elastography in Transplant Kidneys: Correlations With Clinical-Doppler Parameters. 39:4-9.
        Palazzo P, Maggio P, Passarelli F, Altavilla R, Altamura C, Pasqualetti P, Vernieri F. Lack of Correlation Between Cerebral Vasomotor Reactivity and Flow-Mediated Dilation in Subjects Without Vascular Disease. 39:10-15.
        Mercier L, Araujo D, Haegelen C, Del Maestro RF, Petrecca K, Collins DL. Registering Pre- and Postresection 3-Dimensional Ultrasound for Improved Visualization of Residual Brain Tumor. 39:16-29.
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Sande RK, Matre K, Eide GE, Kiserud T. The Effect of Ultrasound Output Level on Obstetric Biometric Measurements. 39:37-43.
        Yang J-M, Yang S-H, Huang W-C, Tzeng C-R. Reliability of a New Method for Assessing Tension and Configuration of Transobturator Suburethral Tapes Using Four-Dimensional Ultrasound. 39:44-53.
        Lee H-H, Hung C-S, Wu X-M, Wu V-C, Liu K-L, Wang S-M, Lin L-C, Chen P-C, Guo Y-L, Chueh S-C, Lin Y-H, Ho Y-L, Wu K-D. Myocardial Ultrasound Tissue Characterization of Patients With Primary Aldosteronism. 39:54-61.
        Park K-H, Son J-W, Park W-J, Lee S-H, Kim U, Park J-S, Shin D-G, Kim Y-J, Choi J-H, Houle H, Vannan MA, Hong G-R. Characterization of the Left Atrial Vortex Flow by Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Contrast Echocardiography Using Particle Image Velocimetry. 39:62-71.
        Arbeille P, Angoulvant D, Zuj K, Patier J, Desveaux B, Quilliet L, Charbonnier B. Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking for Assessing Improvement in Left Ventricular Contractility After Coronary Angioplasty. 39:102-110.
        Sahuquillo P, Tembl JI, Parkhutik V, Velazquez JF, Sastre I, Lago A. The Study of Deep Brain Structures by Transcranial Duplex Sonography and Imaging Resonance Correlation. 39:226-232.
        Choi JS, Kim MJ, Youk JH, Moon HJ, Suh HJ, Kim E-K. US-Guided Optical Tomography: Correlation with Clinicopathologic Variables in Breast Cancer. 39:233-240.
        Park DW, Kruger GH, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Gottschalk P, Dodde RE, Shih AJ, Weitzel WF. In Vivo Vascular Wall Shear Rate and Circumferential Strain of Renal Disease Patients. 39:241-252.
        Collins SL, Stevenson GN, Noble JA, Impey L. Rapid Calculation of Standardized Placental Volume at 11 to 13 Weeks and the Prediction of Small for Gestational Age Babies. 39:253-260.
        Kim DW, In HS, Choo HJ, Jung SJ, Kim YW. Solid and Isoechoic Thyroid Nodules Without Malignant Sonographic Features: Comparison of Malignancy Rate According to Nodule Size, Shape and Color Doppler Pattern. 39:269-274.
        Gao J, Chevalier J, Auh YH, Rubin JM, Wang H, Sun L-N, Seshan S, Min R. Correlation Between Doppler Parameters and Renal Cortical Fibrosis in Lupus Nephritis: A Preliminary Observation. 39:275-282.
        Santamato A, Notarnicola A, Panza F, Ranieri M, Micello MF, Manganotti P, Moretti B, Fortunato F, Filoni S, Fiore P. SBOTE Study: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Versus Electrical Stimulation After Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection for Post-Stroke Spasticity-A Prospective Randomized Trial. 39:283-291.
        Quader N, Jalal U, Raslan S, Srivathsan K, Wilansky S, Unzek S, Chandrasekran K, Mookadam F. Worsening Left Ventricular Apical Peak Strain Early After Right Ventricular Pacing. 39:261-268.
        Lam TP, Hung VWY, Yeung HY, Chu WCW, Ng BKW, Lee KM, Qin L, Cheng JCY. Quantitative Ultrasound for Predicting Curve Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Cohort Study of 294 Cases Followed-Up Beyond Skeletal Maturity. 39:381-387.
        Stein EM, Rosete F, Young P, Kamanda-Kosseh M, McMahon DJ, Luo G, Kaufman JJ, Shane E, Siffert RS. Clinical Assessment of the 1/3 Radius Using a New Desktop Ultrasonic Bone Densitometer. 39:388-395.
        Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Popescu A, Jurchis A. Factors Which Influence the Accuracy of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for the Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. 39:407-412.
        Jakovljevic M, Trahey GE, Nelson RC, Dahl JJ. In Vivo Application of Short-Lag Spatial Coherence Imaging in Human Liver. 39:534-542.
        Mc Loughlin MJ, Mc Loughlin S. Diastolic Retrograde Arterial Flow and Biphasic Abdominal Aortic Doppler Wave Pattern: An Early Sign of Arterial Wall Deterioration? 39:592-596.
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Alhabshi SMI, Rahmat K, Abdul Halim N, Aziz S, Radhika S, Gan GC, Vijayananthan A, Westerhout CJ, Mohd-Shah MN, Jaszle S, Harlina Mohd Latar N, Muhammad R. Semi-Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Breast Ultrasound Elastography in Differentiating Between Malignant and Benign Lesions. 39:568-578.
        Popescu A, Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Danila M, Racean S, Suseanu D, Gradinaru O, Ivascu Siegfried C. The Influence of Food Intake on Liver Stiffness Values Assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Preliminary Results. 39:579-584.
        Dini FL, Guarini G, Pedrizzetti G, Miccoli M, Zito MC, Baggiani A, Conti U, Di Bello V, Marzilli M. Ultrasound Assessment of the Force-Frequency Relationship from the Law of Conservation of Momentum in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction. 39:585-591.
        Zagorka JB, Aleksandra PM, Bosiljka VTP, Marija BKV, Edita C, Tatjana PP, Nadezda SCM. The Significance of the Ultrasound Diagnostics in Evaluation of the Emboligenic Pathogenesis of Transient Ischemic Attacks. 39:597-603.
        Li C, Xiong X, Li Y, Li J, Peng B, Wang Z, Chen W. Therapeutic Effects of Focused Ultrasound in 4014 Patients with Symptomatic Cervical Ectopy. 39:604-610.
        Negishi K, Lucas S, Negishi T, Hamilton J, Marwick TH. What is the Primary Source of Discordance in Strain Measurement Between Vendors: Imaging or Analysis? 39:714-720.
        Saeed NP, Panerai RB, Robinson TG. The Carotid Artery as an Alternative Site to the Middle Cerebral Artery for Reproducible Estimates of Autoregulation Index. 39:735-741.
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.
        Ren J, Zheng B-W, Wang P, Liao M, Zheng R-Q, Lu M-D, Lu Y, Zeng J, Zhang Y-L. Revealing Impaired Blood Supply to the Bile Ducts on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: A Novel Diagnosis Method to Ischemic-Type Biliary Lesions After Orthotropic Liver Transplantation. 39:753-760.
        Xiang H, Huang R, Cheng J, Gulinaer S, Hu R, Feng Y, Liu H. Value of Three-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Small Adnexal Masses. 39:761-768.
        Gellhorn AC, Carlson MJ. Inter-Rater, Intra-Rater, and Inter-Machine Reliability of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements of the Patellar Tendon. 39:791-796.
        Wu Y-C, Hsieh W-S, Hsu C-H, Chiu N-C, Chou H-C, Chen C-Y, Peng S-F, Hung H-Y, Chang J-H, Chen WJ, Jeng S-F. Relationship of Neonatal Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Asymmetry with Early Motor, Cognitive and Language Development in Term Infants. 39:797-803.
        Choi YJ, Lee JH, Lim HK, Kim SY, Han MW, Cho K-J, Baek JH. Quantitative Shear Wave Elastography in the Evaluation of Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:935-940.
        Tsai W-C, Lin CK-J, Wei H-K, Yu B-L, Hung C-F, Cheng SH, Chen C-M. Sonographic Elastography Improves the Sensitivity and Specificity of Axilla Sampling in Breast Cancer: A Prospective Study. 39:941-949.
        Mak T-M, Huang Y-P, Zheng Y-P. Liver Fibrosis Assessment Using Transient Elastography Guided with Real-Time B-mode Ultrasound Imaging: A Feasibility Study. 39:956-966.
        Chiang C-H, Kuo L-C, Kuo Y-L, Wu K-C, Shao C-J, Chern T-C, Jou IM. The Value of High-Frequency Ultrasonographic Imaging for Quantifying Trigger Digits: A Correlative Study with Clinical Findings in Patients with Different Severity Grading. 39:967-974.
        Youn I, Choi SH, Moon HJ, Kim MJ, Kim E-K. Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: Ultrasonographic Findings and Diagnostic Performance of Ultrasound-Guided Core Needle Biopsy. 39:987-992.
        Kaoku S, Konishi E, Fujimoto Y, Tohno E, Shiina T, Kondo K, Yamazaki S, Kajihara M, Shinkura N, Yanagisawa A. Sonographic and Pathologic Image Analysis of Pure Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast. 39:1158-1167.
        Fujiwara T, Tomokuni J, Iwanaga K, Ooba S, Haji T. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Reactive and Malignant/Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:1178-1183.
        Kim DW, Lee YJ, Eom JW, Jung SJ, Ha TK, Kang T. Ultrasound-Based Diagnosis for Solid Thyroid Nodules with the Largest Diameter 5 mm. 39:1190-1196.
        Van der Ende J, Velazquez Antona CA, Erdmenger Orellana J, Romero Cardenas, Roldan FJ, Vargas Barron J. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Measured by Speckle Tracking as a Predictor of the Decrease in Left Ventricular Deformation in Children with Congenital Stenosis of the Aorta or Coarctation of the Aorta. 39:1207-1214.
        Pompili G, Tresoldi S, Primolevo A, De Pasquale L, Di Leo G, Cornalba G. Management of Thyroid Follicular Proliferation: An Ultrasound-Based Malignancy Score to Opt for Surgical or Conservative Treatment. 39:1350-1355.
        Qu P, Yu X, Liang P, Cheng Z, Han Z, Liu F, Yu J. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Characterization of Hepatocellular Carcinomas Treated by Ablation: Comparison with Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:1571-1579.
        Chen L, Chen Y, Diao X-H, Fang L, Pang Y, Cheng A-Q, Li W-P, Wang Y. Comparative Study of Automated Breast 3-D Ultrasound and Handheld B-Mode Ultrasound for Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Breast Masses. 39:1735-1742.
        Zhang R, Ta D, Liu C, Chen C. Feasibility of Bone Assessment with Ultrasonic Backscatter Signals in Neonates. 39:1751-1759.
        Ito A, Sugioka K, Matsumura Y, Fujita S, Iwata S, Hanatani A, Hozumi T, Ueda M, Yoshiyama M. Rapid and Accurate Assessment of Aortic Arch Atherosclerosis Using Simultaneous Multi-Plane Imaging by Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:1337-1342.
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.
        Rossel T, Kersting S, Heller AR, Koch T. Combination of High-Resolution Ultrasound-Guided Perivascular Regional Anesthesia of the Internal Carotid Artery and Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block for Carotid Surgery. 39:981-986.
        Orman G, Ozben S, Huseyinoglu N, Duymus M, Orman KG. Ultrasound Elastographic Evaluation in the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Initial Findings. 39:1184-1189.
        Kuo W-H, Jian D-W, Wang T-G, Wang Y-C. Neck Muscle Stiffness Quantified by Sonoelastography is Correlated with Body Mass Index and Chronic Neck Pain Symptoms. 39:1356-1361.
        Sporea I, Bota S, Jurchis A, Sirli R, Gradinaru-Tascau O, Popescu A, Ratiu I, Szilaski M. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Supersonic Shear Imaging Versus Transient Elastography for Liver Fibrosis Assessment. 39:1933-1941.
        Fierbinteanu Braticevici C, Sporea I, Panaitescu E, Tribus L. Value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging Elastography for Non-invasive Evaluation of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. 39:1942-1950.
        Yu MH, Lee JY, Kim JH, Han JK, Choi B-I. Value of Near-Isovoxel Ultrasound for Evaluation of Ductal Communications with Pancreatic Cystic Lesions: Correlation with Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography. 39:2279-2284.
        Nylund K, Jirik R, Mezl M, Leh S, Hausken T, Pfeffer F, Odegaard S, Taxt T, Gilja OH. Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Comparison Between Inflammatory and Fibrotic Lesions in Patients with Crohn's Disease. 39:1197-1206.
        Czernik C, Rhode S, Helfer S, Schmalisch G, Buhrer C. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate Measured by 2-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Neonates During Whole-Body Hypothermia. 39:1343-1349.
        Sirli R, Bota S, Sporea I, Jurchis A, Popescu A, Gradinaru-Tasc_u O, Szilaski M. Liver Stiffness Measurements by Means of Supersonic Shear Imaging in Patients Without Known Liver Pathology. 39:1362-1367.
        Lewis Jr GK, Langer MD, Henderson Jr CR, Ortiz R. Design and Evaluation of a Wearable Self-Applied Therapeutic Ultrasound Device for Chronic Myofascial Pain. 39:1429-1439.
        Liukkonen J, Hirvasniemi J, Joukainen A, Penttila P, Viren T, Saarakkala S, Kroger H, Jurvelin JS, Toyras J. Arthroscopic Ultrasound Technique for Simultaneous Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone: An In Vitro and In Vivo Feasibility Study. 39:1460-1468.
        Haubrich C, Steiner LA, Diehl RR, Kasprowicz M, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Czosnyka M. Doppler Flow Velocity and Intra-cranial Pressure: Responses to Short-Term Mild Hypocapnia Help to Assess the Pressure-Volume Relationship After Head Injury. 39:1521-1526.
        Gao J, Weitzel W, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Lee J, Dadhania D, Min R. Renal Transplant Elasticity Ultrasound Imaging: Correlation Between Normalized Strain and Renal Cortical Fibrosis. 39:1536-1542.
        Wu M-H, Chen C-N, Chen K-Y, Ho M-C, Tai H-C, Chung Y-C, Lo C-P, Chen A, Chang K-J. Quantitative Analysis of Dynamic Power Doppler Sonograms for Patients with Thyroid Nodules. 39:1543-1551.
        Sugimoto T, Ochi K, Hosomi N, Mukai T, Ueno H, Takahashi T, Ohtsuki T, Kohriyama T, Matsumoto M. Ultrasonographic Reference Sizes of the Median and Ulnar Nerves and the Cervical Nerve Roots in Healthy Japanese Adults. 39:1560-1570.
        Ying H, Da L, Luo J, Li-Xia L, Yu X, Li-Mei X, Wei-Dong R. Quantitative Assessment of Bladder Neck Compliance by Using Transvaginal Real-Time Elastography of Women. 39:1727-1734.
        Muro-Culebras A, Cuesta-Vargas AI. Sono-myography and Sono-myoelastography of the Tender Points of Women with Fibromyalgia. 39:1951-1957.
        Struijk PC, Migchels H, Mathews JV, Stewart PA, Clark EB, de Korte CL, Lotgering FK. Fetal Aortic Distensibility, Compliance and Pulse Pressure Assessment during the Second Half of Pregnancy. 39:1966-1975.
        Yoshikawa H, Suzuki M, Hashimoto G, Kusunose Y, Otsuka T, Hara H, Noro M, Nakamura M, Sugi K. Assessment of Cyclic Changes in the Diameter of the Aortic Annulus Using Speckle-Tracking Trans-esophageal Echocardiography. 39:2084-2090.
        Zhan J, Diao X-H, Chai Q-L, Chen Y. Comparative Study of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging With Real-Time Elastography in Differential Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules. 39:2217-2225.
        Huang H, Sejdi E. Assessment of Resting-State Blood Flow Through Anterior Cerebral Arteries Using Trans-cranial Doppler Recordings. 39:2285-2294.
        Kim DW, Jung SJ, Ha TK, Park HK. Individual and Combined Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasound Diagnosis, Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration and Polymerase Chain Reaction in Identifying Tuberculous Lymph Nodes in the Neck. 39:2308-2314.
        Brennan S, Kandasamy Y. Renal Parenchymal Thickness as a Measure of Renal Growth in Low-Birth-Weight Infants versus Normal-Birth-Weight Infants. 39:2315-2320.
        Lediju Bell MA, Goswami R, Kisslo JA, Dahl JJ, Trahey GE. Short-Lag Spatial Coherence Imaging of Cardiac Ultrasound Data: Initial Clinical Results. 39:1861-1874.
        Wang Y, Wu Z, Ju Y, Cao L, Shi L, Tong F, Jiang X, Zhu C. Tissue Doppler Imaging and Tissue Strain Imaging for the Evaluation of Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B. 39:1527-1535.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Menozzi G, Maccabruni V, Gabbi E, Leone N, Calzolari M. Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Evaluation of Splenic Embolization in Patients with Definite Left-Sided Infective Endocarditis. 39:2205-2210.
        Wojcinski S, Brandhorst K, Sadigh G, Hillemanns P, Degenhardt F. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging with Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification: Measurements of Normal Breast Tissue and Dependence on the Degree of Pre-compression. 39:2226-2232.
        Chae EY, Shin HJ, Kim HJ, Yoo H, Baek S, Cha JH, Kim HH. Diagnostic Performance of Automated Breast Ultrasound as a Replacement for a Hand-Held Second-Look Ultrasound for Breast Lesions Detected Initially on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:2246-2254.
        Farrokh A, Wojcinski S, Degenhardt F. Evaluation of Real-Time Tissue Sono-elastography in the Assessment of 214 Breast Lesions: Limitations of This Method Resulting from Different Histologic Subtypes, Tumor Size and Tumor Localization. 39:2264-2271.
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.

        Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system

        Synonyms: CAD, automated analysis, automatic classification, automatic thresholding, artificial intelligence
        See also: Ultrasound guided surgery, feature detection
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Li N, Jiang Y-X, Zhu Q-L, Zhang J, Dai Q, Liu H, Yang Q, Wang H-Y, Lai X-J, Sun Q. Accuracy of an Automated Breast Volume Ultrasound System for Assessment of the Pre-operative Extent of Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Comparison with a Conventional Handheld Ultrasound Examination. 39:2255-2263.
        Moon WK, Chang S-C, Chang JM, Cho N, Huang C-S, Kuo J-W, Chang R-F. Classification of Breast Tumors Using Elastographic and B-mode Features: Comparison of Automatic Selection of Representative Slice and Physician-Selected Slice of Images. 39:1147-1157.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Chae EY, Shin HJ, Kim HJ, Yoo H, Baek S, Cha JH, Kim HH. Diagnostic Performance of Automated Breast Ultrasound as a Replacement for a Hand-Held Second-Look Ultrasound for Breast Lesions Detected Initially on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:2246-2254.
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.
        Alberti M, Balocco S, Carrillo X, Mauri J, Radeva P. Automatic Non-rigid Temporal Alignment of Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences: Method and Quantitative Validation. 39:1698-1712.
        Zhang H, Abiose AK, Gupta D, Campbell DN, Martins JB, Sonka M, Wahle A. Novel Indices for Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony Characterization Based on Highly Automated Segmentation From Real-Time 3-D Echocardiography. 39:72-88.
        Barbosa D, Dietenbeck T, Heyde B, Houle H, Friboulet D, D'hooge J, Bernard O. Fast and Fully Automatic 3-D Echocardiographic Segmentation Using B-Spline Explicit Active Surfaces: Feasibility Study and Validation in a Clinical Setting. 39:89-101.
        Barra DA, Lima JC, Mauad Filho F, Araujo Jœnior E, Martins WP. Measuring Fetal Volume During Late First Trimester by Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography Using Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. 39:1552-1559.

        Contrast agents

        Synonyms: Contrast media, microbubbles
        See also: cavitation, contrast enhanced ultrasound
        Su C-H, Wu Y-J, Chang C-Y, Tien T-Y, Tseng S-W, Tsai C-H, Bettinger T, Tsai C-H, Yeh H-I. The Increase of VEGF Secretion From Endothelial Progenitor Cells Post Ultrasonic VEGF Gene Delivery Enhances the Proliferation and Migration of Endothelial Cells. 39:134-145.
        Zhang C-B, Cao H-L, Li Q, Tu J, Guo X, Liu Z, Zhang D. Enhancement Effect of Ultrasound-Induced Microbubble Cavitation on Branched Polyethylenimine-Mediated VEGF165 Transfection With Varied N/P Ratio. 39:161-171.
        Saini R, Sorace AG, Warram JM, Mahoney MJ, Zinn KR, Hoyt K. An Animal Model Allowing Controlled Receptor Expression for Molecular Ultrasound Imaging. 39:172-180.
        Helfield BL, Cherin E, Foster FS, Goertz DE. The Effect of Binding on the Subharmonic Emissions from Individual Lipid-Encapsulated Microbubbles at Transmit Frequencies of 11 and 25 MHz. 39:345-359.
        Cox DJ, Thomas JL. Rapid Shrinkage of Lipid-Coated Bubbles in Pulsed Ultrasound. 39:466-474.
        Williams R, Wright C, Cherin E, Reznik N, Lee M, Gorelikov I, Foster FS, Matsuura N, Burns PN. Characterization of Submicron Phase-change Perfluorocarbon Droplets for Extravascular Ultrasound Imaging of Cancer. 39:475-489.
        Kokhuis TJA, Garbin V, Kooiman K, Naaijkens BA, Juffermans LJM, Kamp O, van der Steen AFW, Versluis M, de Jong N. Secondary Bjerknes Forces Deform Targeted Microbubbles. 39:490-506.
        Gourevich D, Hertzberg Y, Volovick A, Shafran Y, Navon G, Cochran S, Melzer A. Ultrasound-Mediated Targeted Drug Delivery Generated by Multifocal Beam Patterns: An In vitro Study. 39:507-514.
        Yang F-Y, Chen C-C, Kao Y-H, Chen C-L, Ko C-E, Horng S-C, Chen R-C. Evaluation of Dose Distribution of Molecular Delivery After Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption by Focused Ultrasound with Treatment Planning. 39:620-627.
        Wang G, Zhuo Z, Xia H, Zhang Y, He Y, Tan W, Gao Y. Investigation Into the Impact of Diagnostic Ultrasound with Microbubbles on the Capillary Permeability of Rat Hepatomas. 39:628-637.
        Sutton JT, Ivancevich NM, Perrin Jr SR, Vela DC, Holland CK. Clot Retraction Affects the Extent of Ultrasound-Enhanced Thrombolysis in an Ex Vivo Porcine Thrombosis Model. 39:813-824.
        Wang C-H, Yeh C-K. Controlling the Size Distribution of Lipid-Coated Bubbles via Fluidity Regulation. 39:882-892.
        Sheeran PS, Streeter JE, Mullin LB, Matsunaga TO, Dayton PA. Toward Ultrasound Molecular Imaging With Phase-Change Contrast Agents: An In Vitro Proof of Principle. 39:893-902.
        Casey J, Sennoga C, Mulvana H, Hajnal JV, Tang M-X, Eckersley RJ. Single Bubble Acoustic Characterization and Stability Measurement of Adherent Microbubbles. 39:903-914.
        Huang Y, Vykhodtseva NI, Hynynen K. Creating Brain Lesions with Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound with Microbubbles: A Rat Study at Half a Megahertz. 39:1420-1428.
        Cochran M, Wheatley MA. In Vitro Gene Delivery with Ultrasound-Triggered Polymer Microbubbles. 39:1102-1119.
        Dixon AJ, Dhanaliwala AH, Chen JL, Hossack JA. Enhanced Intracellular Delivery of a Model Drug Using Microbubbles Produced by a Microfluidic Device. 39:1267-1276.
        Paul S, Russakow D, Rodgers T, Sarkar K, Cochran M, Wheatley MA. Determination of the Interfacial Rheological Properties of a Poly(DL-lactic acid)-Encapsulated Contrast Agent Using In Vitro Attenuation and Scattering. 39:1277-1291.
        Dicker S, Mleczko M, Siepmann M, Wallace N, Sunny Y, Bawiec CR, Schmitz G, Lewin P, Wrenn SP. Influence of Shell Composition on the Resonance Frequency of Microbubble Contrast Agents. 39:1292-1302.
        Novell A, Escoffre J-M, Bouakaz A. Second Harmonic and Subharmonic for Non-Linear Wideband Contrast Imaging Using a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer Array. 39:1500-1512.
        Threlfall G, Wu HJ, Li K, Aldham B, Scoble J, _utalo ID, Raicevic A, Pontes-Braz L, Lee B, Schneider-Kolsky M, Ooi A, Coia G, Manasseh R. Quantitative Guidelines for the Prediction of Ultrasound Contrast Agent Destruction During Injection. 39:1838-1847.
        Liu Q, Zhao H, Wu S, Zhao X, Zhong Y, Li L, Liu Z. Impact of Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound on Liver Ethanol Ablation. 39:1039-1046.
        Forbrich A, Paproski R, Hitt M, Zemp R. Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound Liberation of mRNA Biomarkers In Vitro. 39:1087-1093.
        Chen X, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Sonoporation as a Cellular Stress: Induction of Morphological Repression and Developmental Delays. 39:1075-1086.
        Thakkar D, Gupta R, Monson K, Rapoport N. Effect of Ultrasound on the Permeability of Vascular Wall to Nano-emulsion Droplets. 39:1804-1811.
        Ling Z-Y, Shu S-y, Zhong S-G, Luo J, Su L, Liu Z-Z, Lan X-B, Yuan G-B, Zheng Y-Y, Ran H-T, Wang Z-G, Yin Y-H. Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction Promotes Angiogenesis and Heart Function by Inducing Myocardial Microenvironment Change. 39:2001-2010.
        Zhong W, Chen X, Jiang P, Wan JMF, Qin P, Yu ACH. Induction of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress by Sonoporation: Linkage to Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis Initiation. 39:2382-2392.
        Hu Y, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Membrane Perforation and Recovery Dynamics in Microbubble-Mediated Sonoporation. 39:2393-2405.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.
        Wu H, Rognin NG, Krupka TM, Solorio L, Yoshiara H, Guenette G, Sanders C, Kamiyama N, Exner AA. Acoustic Characterization and Pharmacokinetic Analyses of New Nanobubble Ultrasound Contrast Agents. 39:2137-2146.
        Tong H-P, Wang L-F, Guo Y-L, Li L, Fan X-Z, Ding J, Huang H-Y. Preparation of Protamine Cationic Nanobubbles and Experimental Study of Their Physical Properties and In Vivo Contrast Enhancement. 39:2147-2157.
        Liu GJ, Ji Q, Moriyasu F, Xie XY, Wang W, Wong LH, Lin MX, Lu MD. Value of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Using Perflubutane Microbubbles for Diagnosing Liver Fibrosis and Cirrhosis in Rats. 39:2158-2165.
        Anderson CD, Urschitz J, Khemmani M, Owens JB, Moisyadi S, Shohet RV, Walton CB. Ultrasound Directs a Transposase System for Durable Hepatic Gene Delivery in Mice. 39:2351-2361.

        Contrast enhanced ultrasound

        Synonyms: contrast echocardiography, contrast ultrasound, contrast sonography, contrast-enhanced, CEUS
        Scopus Search: "contrast enhanc*"
        See also: Doppler, contrast agents, harmonic imaging
        Park K-H, Son J-W, Park W-J, Lee S-H, Kim U, Park J-S, Shin D-G, Kim Y-J, Choi J-H, Houle H, Vannan MA, Hong G-R. Characterization of the Left Atrial Vortex Flow by Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Contrast Echocardiography Using Particle Image Velocimetry. 39:62-71.
        Bolondi L. The Appropriate Allocation of CEUS in the Diagnostic Algorithm of Liver Lesions: A Debated Issue. 39:183-185.
        Lucht B, Hubbell A, Hynynen K. Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Two-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging Using Shear-Mode Conversion at Low Frequency. 39:332-344.
        Gu X, Wei M, Zong Y, Jiang H, Wan M. Flow Quantification with Nakagami Parametric Imaging for Suppressing Contrast Microbubbles Attenuation. 39:660-669.
        Maresca D, Renaud G, van Soest G, Li X, Zhou Q, Shung KK, de Jong N, van der Steen AFW. Contrast-Enhanced Intravascular Ultrasound Pulse Sequences for Bandwidth-Limited Transducers. 39:706-713.
        Lindsey BD, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, Smith SW. Simultaneous Bilateral Real-Time 3-D Transcranial Ultrasound Imaging at 1 MHz Through Poor Acoustic Windows. 39:721-734.
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.
        Ren J, Zheng B-W, Wang P, Liao M, Zheng R-Q, Lu M-D, Lu Y, Zeng J, Zhang Y-L. Revealing Impaired Blood Supply to the Bile Ducts on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: A Novel Diagnosis Method to Ischemic-Type Biliary Lesions After Orthotropic Liver Transplantation. 39:753-760.
        Kim HC, Al-Mahrouki A, Gorjizadeh A, Karshafian R, Czarnota GJ. Effects of Biophysical Parameters in Enhancing Radiation Responses of Prostate Tumors with Ultrasound-Stimulated Microbubbles. 39:1376-1387.
        Qu P, Yu X, Liang P, Cheng Z, Han Z, Liu F, Yu J. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Characterization of Hepatocellular Carcinomas Treated by Ablation: Comparison with Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:1571-1579.
        Kuenen MPJ, Saidov TA, Wijkstra H, Mischi M. Contrast-Ultrasound Dispersion Imaging for Prostate Cancer Localization by Improved Spatiotemporal Similarity Analysis. 39:1631-1641.
        Nylund K, Jirik R, Mezl M, Leh S, Hausken T, Pfeffer F, Odegaard S, Taxt T, Gilja OH. Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Comparison Between Inflammatory and Fibrotic Lesions in Patients with Crohn's Disease. 39:1197-1206.
        Zhou X, Chen L, Feng C, Li B, Tang J, Liu A, Lv F, Li T. Establishing an Animal Model of Intracerebral Hemorrhage under the Guidance of Ultrasound. 39:2116-2122.
        Payen T, Coron A, Lamuraglia M, Le Guillou-Buffello D, Gaud E, Arditi M, Lucidarme O, Bridal SL. Echo-Power Estimation from Log-Compressed Video Data in Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1826-1837.
        Menozzi G, Maccabruni V, Gabbi E, Leone N, Calzolari M. Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Evaluation of Splenic Embolization in Patients with Definite Left-Sided Infective Endocarditis. 39:2205-2210.
        Tana C, Iannetti G, Mezzetti A, Schiavone C. Heterogeneous Delayed Enhancement of the Liver after Administration of Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Are We Sure That it is a Harmless Phenomenon? 39:2214.

        D

        Dental

        Synonyms: teeth
        Shelke A, Blume M, Mularczyk M, Landes C, Sader R, Bereiter-Hahn J. Visualization of Localized Elastic Properties in Human Tooth and Jawbone as Revealed by Scanning Acoustic Microscopy. 39:853-859.
        Al-Daghreer S, Doschak M, Sloan AJ, Major PW, Heo G, Scurtescu C, Tsui YY, El-Bialy T. Short-Term Effect of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on an Ex-Vivo 3-D Tooth Culture. 39:1066-1074.

        Doppler ultrasound

        Synonyms:
        Scopus Search: Doppler
        See also: Flow visualisation
        Ozkan F, Yavuz YC, Inci MF, Altunoluk B, Ozcan N, Yuksel M, Sayarlioglu H, Dogan E. Interobserver Variability of Ultrasound Elastography in Transplant Kidneys: Correlations With Clinical-Doppler Parameters. 39:4-9.
        Sahuquillo P, Tembl JI, Parkhutik V, Velazquez JF, Sastre I, Lago A. The Study of Deep Brain Structures by Transcranial Duplex Sonography and Imaging Resonance Correlation. 39:226-232.
        Kim DW, In HS, Choo HJ, Jung SJ, Kim YW. Solid and Isoechoic Thyroid Nodules Without Malignant Sonographic Features: Comparison of Malignancy Rate According to Nodule Size, Shape and Color Doppler Pattern. 39:269-274.
        Gao J, Chevalier J, Auh YH, Rubin JM, Wang H, Sun L-N, Seshan S, Min R. Correlation Between Doppler Parameters and Renal Cortical Fibrosis in Lupus Nephritis: A Preliminary Observation. 39:275-282.
        ter Haar GR, Abramowicz JS, Akiyama I, Evans DH, Ziskin MC, Marsal K. Do We Need to Restrict the Use of Doppler Ultrasound in the First Trimester of Pregnancy? 39:374-380.
        Martins WP, Welsh AW, Falkensammer P, Raine-Fenning NJ. Re: Spatio-Temporal Imaging Correlation (STIC): Technical Notes About STIC Triggering and Choosing Between Power Doppler or High-Definition Color Flow. 39:549-550.
        Lai Y-C, Huang Y-S, Wang D-W, Tiu C-M, Chou Y-H, Chang R-F. Computer-Aided Diagnosis for 3-D Power Doppler Breast Ultrasound. 39:555-567.
        Dini FL, Guarini G, Pedrizzetti G, Miccoli M, Zito MC, Baggiani A, Conti U, Di Bello V, Marzilli M. Ultrasound Assessment of the Force-Frequency Relationship from the Law of Conservation of Momentum in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction. 39:585-591.
        Mc Loughlin MJ, Mc Loughlin S. Diastolic Retrograde Arterial Flow and Biphasic Abdominal Aortic Doppler Wave Pattern: An Early Sign of Arterial Wall Deterioration? 39:592-596.
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.
        Chen J-J, Fu S-Y, Chiang C-S, Hong J-H, Yeh C-K. A Preclinical Study to Explore Vasculature Differences Between Primary and Recurrent Tumors Using Ultrasound Doppler Imaging. 39:860-869.
        Mynard JP, Steinman DA. Effect of Velocity Profile Skewing on Blood Velocity and Volume Flow Waveforms Derived From Maximum Doppler Spectral Velocity. 39:870-881.
        Lu W, Sapozhnikov OA, Bailey MR, Kaczkowski PJ, Crum LA. Evidence for Trapped Surface Bubbles as the Cause for the Twinkling Artifact in Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1026-1038.
        Yang X, Sun C, Anderson T, Moran CM, Hadoke PWF, Gray GA, Hoskins PR. Assessment of Spectral Doppler in Preclinical Ultrasound Using a Small-Size Rotating Phantom. 39:1491-1499.
        Haubrich C, Steiner LA, Diehl RR, Kasprowicz M, Smielewski P, Pickard JD, Czosnyka M. Doppler Flow Velocity and Intra-cranial Pressure: Responses to Short-Term Mild Hypocapnia Help to Assess the Pressure-Volume Relationship After Head Injury. 39:1521-1526.
        Wang Y, Wu Z, Ju Y, Cao L, Shi L, Tong F, Jiang X, Zhu C. Tissue Doppler Imaging and Tissue Strain Imaging for the Evaluation of Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B. 39:1527-1535.
        Wu M-H, Chen C-N, Chen K-Y, Ho M-C, Tai H-C, Chung Y-C, Lo C-P, Chen A, Chang K-J. Quantitative Analysis of Dynamic Power Doppler Sonograms for Patients with Thyroid Nodules. 39:1543-1551.
        Kremer F, Dresselaers T, Heyde B, Ferferieva V, Caluwe E, Choi HF, Claus P, Oosterlinck W, Janssens S, Himmelreich U, D'Hooge J. 2-D Strain Assessment in the Mouse Through Spatial Compounding of Myocardial Velocity Data: In Vivo Feasibility. 39:1848-1860.
        Gao J, Mennitt K, Belfi L, Zheng Y-Y, Chen Z, Rubin JM. Green Tagging in Displaying Color Doppler Aliasing: A Comparison to Standard Color Mapping in Renal Artery Stenosis. 39:1976-1982.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.
        Wu J, Zhou Y-Q, Zou Y, Henkelman M. Evaluation of Bi-ventricular Coronary Flow Patterns Using High-Frequency Ultrasound in Mice with Transverse Aortic Constriction. 39:2053-2065.
        Huang H, Sejdi E. Assessment of Resting-State Blood Flow Through Anterior Cerebral Arteries Using Trans-cranial Doppler Recordings. 39:2285-2294.
        Kokkalis E, Hoskins PR, Corner GA, Stonebridge PA, Doull AJ, Houston JG. Secondary Flow in Peripheral Vascular Prosthetic Grafts Using Vector Doppler Imaging. 39:2295-2307.

        Dosimetry

        Synonyms: dose response, dosology
        Scopus Search: Dos*
        See also: safety
        Choi MJ, Guntur SR, Lee KIL, Paeng DG, Coleman A. A Tissue Mimicking Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Phantom for Visualizing Thermal Lesions Generated by High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:439-448.
        Al-Qraini MM, Canney MS, Oweis GF. Laser-Induced Fluorescence Thermometry of Heating in Water from Short Bursts of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:647-659.
        Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G, Morris H, Coussios C, Friend P, Bamber J. Calibration of Ultrasound Backscatter Temperature Imaging for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment Planning. 39:1596-1612.
        Xing J, Choi M, Ang W, Yu X, Chen J. Design and Characterization of a Close-Proximity Thermoacoustic Sensor. 39:1613-1622.
        Yu Y, Shen G, Zhou Y, Bai J, Chen Y. Quantitative Assessment of Acoustic Intensity in the Focused Ultrasound Field Using Hydrophone and Infrared Imaging. 39:2021-2033.

        Drug delivery

        Synonyms: controlled release, targeted delivery, site-specific delivery, sonodynamic
        See also: sonoporation
        Liang L, Xie S, Jiang L, Jin H, Li S, Liu J. The Combined Effects of Hematoporphyrin Monomethyl Ether-SDT and Doxorubicin on the Proliferation of QBC939 Cell Lines. 39:146-160.
        Park MJ, Kim Y-s, Yang J, Sun WC, Park H, Chae SY, Namgung M-S, Choi K-S. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Enhances Targeted Delivery of Cetuximab to Colon Cancer Xenograft Model in Mice. 39:292-299.
        Noda K, Hirano T, Noda K, Kodama S, Ichimiya I, Suzuki M. Effect of Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on the Middle Ear in a Mouse Model of Acute Otitis Media. 39:413-423.
        Gourevich D, Hertzberg Y, Volovick A, Shafran Y, Navon G, Cochran S, Melzer A. Ultrasound-Mediated Targeted Drug Delivery Generated by Multifocal Beam Patterns: An In vitro Study. 39:507-514.
        Yang F-Y, Chen C-C, Kao Y-H, Chen C-L, Ko C-E, Horng S-C, Chen R-C. Evaluation of Dose Distribution of Molecular Delivery After Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption by Focused Ultrasound with Treatment Planning. 39:620-627.
        Wang G, Zhuo Z, Xia H, Zhang Y, He Y, Tan W, Gao Y. Investigation Into the Impact of Diagnostic Ultrasound with Microbubbles on the Capillary Permeability of Rat Hepatomas. 39:628-637.
        Nabili M, Patel H, Mahesh SP, Liu J, Geist C, Zderic V. Ultrasound-Enhanced Delivery of Antibiotics and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Into the Eye. 39:638-646.
        Sutton JT, Ivancevich NM, Perrin Jr SR, Vela DC, Holland CK. Clot Retraction Affects the Extent of Ultrasound-Enhanced Thrombolysis in an Ex Vivo Porcine Thrombosis Model. 39:813-824.
        Liu Q, Zhao H, Wu S, Zhao X, Zhong Y, Li L, Liu Z. Impact of Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound on Liver Ethanol Ablation. 39:1039-1046.
        Chen X, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Sonoporation as a Cellular Stress: Induction of Morphological Repression and Developmental Delays. 39:1075-1086.
        Eggen S, Afadzi M, Nilssen EA, Haugstad SB, Angelsen B, Davies CdL. Ultrasound Improves the Uptake and Distribution of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Prostate Cancer Xenografts. 39:1255-1266.
        Dixon AJ, Dhanaliwala AH, Chen JL, Hossack JA. Enhanced Intracellular Delivery of a Model Drug Using Microbubbles Produced by a Microfluidic Device. 39:1267-1276.
        Souza J, Meira A, Volpato NM, Mayorga P, Gottfried C. Effect of Phonophoresis on Skin Permeation of Commercial Anti-inflammatory Gels: Sodium Diclofenac and Ketoprofen. 39:1623-1630.
        Wang H, Wang X, Wang P, Zhang K, Yang S, Liu Q. Ultrasound Enhances the Efficacy of Chlorin e6-Mediated Photodynamic Therapy in MDA-MB-231 Cells. 39:1713-1724.
        Lee ES, Lee JY, Kim H, Choi Y, Park J, Han JK, Choi BI. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Enhances Apoptosis of Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft with Gemcitabine. 39:1991-2000.
        Mannaris C, Efthymiou E, Meyre M-E, Averkiou MA. In Vitro Localized Release of Thermosensitive Liposomes with Ultrasound-Induced Hyperthermia. 39:2011-2020.
        Fowler R, Fossheim S, Mestas JL, Ngo J, Canet-Soulas E, Lafon C. Non-Invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-Up Of Sono-Sensitive Liposome Tumor Deliveryand Controlled Release After High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:2342-2350.

        E

        Ear

        Synonyms: otology, otolaryngology
        Scopus Search: ear OR otol*
        Noda K, Hirano T, Noda K, Kodama S, Ichimiya I, Suzuki M. Effect of Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on the Middle Ear in a Mouse Model of Acute Otitis Media. 39:413-423.

        Echocardiography

        Synonyms: cardiac imaging, sonocardiography
        See also: cardiology, contrast enhanced ultrasound
        Park K-H, Son J-W, Park W-J, Lee S-H, Kim U, Park J-S, Shin D-G, Kim Y-J, Choi J-H, Houle H, Vannan MA, Hong G-R. Characterization of the Left Atrial Vortex Flow by Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Contrast Echocardiography Using Particle Image Velocimetry. 39:62-71.
        Zhang H, Abiose AK, Gupta D, Campbell DN, Martins JB, Sonka M, Wahle A. Novel Indices for Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony Characterization Based on Highly Automated Segmentation From Real-Time 3-D Echocardiography. 39:72-88.
        Barbosa D, Dietenbeck T, Heyde B, Houle H, Friboulet D, D'hooge J, Bernard O. Fast and Fully Automatic 3-D Echocardiographic Segmentation Using B-Spline Explicit Active Surfaces: Feasibility Study and Validation in a Clinical Setting. 39:89-101.
        Burlina P, Sprouse C, Mukherjee R, DeMenthon D, Abraham T. Patient-Specific Mitral Valve Closure Prediction Using 3D Echocardiography. 39:769-783.
        Housden RJ, Ma Y, Arujuna A, Nijhof N, Cathier P, Gijsbers G, Bullens R, Gill J, Rinaldi CA, Parish V, Rhode KS. Extended-Field-of-View Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Using Image-Based X-Ray Probe Tracking. 39:993-1005.
        Hjertaas JJ, Fossa H, Dybdahl GL, Gruner R, Lunde P, Matre K. Accuracy of Real-Time Single- and Multi-Beat 3-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Vitro. 39:1006-1014.
        Ito A, Sugioka K, Matsumura Y, Fujita S, Iwata S, Hanatani A, Hozumi T, Ueda M, Yoshiyama M. Rapid and Accurate Assessment of Aortic Arch Atherosclerosis Using Simultaneous Multi-Plane Imaging by Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:1337-1342.
        Czernik C, Rhode S, Helfer S, Schmalisch G, Buhrer C. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate Measured by 2-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Neonates During Whole-Body Hypothermia. 39:1343-1349.
        Ren P, Li K, Lu X, Xie M. Diagnostic Value of Transthoracic Echocardiography for Patent Foramen Ovale: A Meta-analysis. 39:1743-1750.
        Koch SE, Haworth KJ, Robbins N, Smith MA, Lather N, Anjak A, Jiang M, Varma P, Jones WK, Rubinstein J. Age- and Gender-Related Changes in Ventricular Performance in Wild-Type FVB/N Mice as Evaluated by Conventional and Vector Velocity Echocardiography Imaging: A Retrospective Study. 39:2034-2043.
        Roosens B, Bala G, Droogmans S, Hostens J, Somja J, Delvenne E, Schiettecatte J, Delvenne P, Caveliers V, Lahoutte T, Van Camp G, Cosyns B. Echocardiographic Integrated Backscatter for Assessing Reduction of Aortic Valve Calcifications by R-568 in a Rat Model of Chronic Kidney Disease. 39:2075-2083.
        Yoshikawa H, Suzuki M, Hashimoto G, Kusunose Y, Otsuka T, Hara H, Noro M, Nakamura M, Sugi K. Assessment of Cyclic Changes in the Diameter of the Aortic Annulus Using Speckle-Tracking Trans-esophageal Echocardiography. 39:2084-2090.
        Mukherjee R, Vyas S, Juang R, Sprouse C, Burlina P. Endocardial Surface Delineation in 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography. 39:2447-2462.

        Editorial

        Bolondi L. The Appropriate Allocation of CEUS in the Diagnostic Algorithm of Liver Lesions: A Debated Issue. 39:183-185.
        Greenbaum LD. Foreword to Guidelines and Good Clinical Practice Recommendations for Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in the Liver - Update 2012. 39:186.
        Claudon M, Dietrich CF, Choi BI, Cosgrove DO, Kudo M, Nolsøe CP, Piscaglia F, Wilson SR, Barr RG, Chammas MC, Chaubal NG, Chen M-H, Clevert DA, Correas JM, Ding H, Forsberg F, Fowlkes JB, Gibson RN, Goldberg BB, Lassau N, Leen ELS, Mattrey RF, Moriyasu F, Solbiati L, Weskott H-P, Xu H-X. Guidelines and Good Clinical Practice Recommendations for Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in the Liver - Update 2012: A WFUMB-EFSUMB Initiative in Cooperation with Representatives of AFSUMB, AIUM, ASUM, FLAUS and ICUS. 39:187-210.

        Elastography

        Synonyms: elasticity imaging, strain imaging, sonoelastography, vibro-acoustography
        See also: Tissue elasticity
        Ozkan F, Yavuz YC, Inci MF, Altunoluk B, Ozcan N, Yuksel M, Sayarlioglu H, Dogan E. Interobserver Variability of Ultrasound Elastography in Transplant Kidneys: Correlations With Clinical-Doppler Parameters. 39:4-9.
        Foroughi P, Kang H-J, Carnegie DA, van Vledder MG, Choti MA, Hager GD, Boctor EM. A Freehand Ultrasound Elastography System with Tracking for In Vivo Applications. 39:211-225.
        Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Popescu A, Jurchis A. Factors Which Influence the Accuracy of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for the Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. 39:407-412.
        Richards MS, Doyley MM. Non-Rigid Image Registration Based Strain Estimator for Intravascular Ultrasound Elastography. 39:515-533.
        Alhabshi SMI, Rahmat K, Abdul Halim N, Aziz S, Radhika S, Gan GC, Vijayananthan A, Westerhout CJ, Mohd-Shah MN, Jaszle S, Harlina Mohd Latar N, Muhammad R. Semi-Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Breast Ultrasound Elastography in Differentiating Between Malignant and Benign Lesions. 39:568-578.
        Popescu A, Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Danila M, Racean S, Suseanu D, Gradinaru O, Ivascu Siegfried C. The Influence of Food Intake on Liver Stiffness Values Assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Preliminary Results. 39:579-584.
        Choi YJ, Lee JH, Lim HK, Kim SY, Han MW, Cho K-J, Baek JH. Quantitative Shear Wave Elastography in the Evaluation of Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:935-940.
        Tsai W-C, Lin CK-J, Wei H-K, Yu B-L, Hung C-F, Cheng SH, Chen C-M. Sonographic Elastography Improves the Sensitivity and Specificity of Axilla Sampling in Breast Cancer: A Prospective Study. 39:941-949.
        Hudson JM, Milot L, Parry C, Williams R, Burns PN. Inter- and Intra-Operator Reliability and Repeatability of Shear Wave Elastography in the Liver: A Study in Healthy Volunteers. 39:950-955.
        Mak T-M, Huang Y-P, Zheng Y-P. Liver Fibrosis Assessment Using Transient Elastography Guided with Real-Time B-mode Ultrasound Imaging: A Feasibility Study. 39:956-966.
        Moon WK, Chang S-C, Chang JM, Cho N, Huang C-S, Kuo J-W, Chang R-F. Classification of Breast Tumors Using Elastographic and B-mode Features: Comparison of Automatic Selection of Representative Slice and Physician-Selected Slice of Images. 39:1147-1157.
        Yli-Ollila H, Laitinen T, Weckstrom M, Laitinen TM. Axial and Radial Waveforms in Common Carotid Artery: An Advanced Method for Studying Arterial Elastic Properties in Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1168-1177.
        Orman G, Ozben S, Huseyinoglu N, Duymus M, Orman KG. Ultrasound Elastographic Evaluation in the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Initial Findings. 39:1184-1189.
        Lin S-h, Ding H, Mao F, Xue L-Y, Lv W-w, Zhu H-G, Huang B-J, Wang W-P. Non-invasive Assessment of Liver Fibrosis in a Rat Model: Shear Wave Elasticity Imaging Versus Real-Time Elastography. 39:1215-1222.
        Kuo W-H, Jian D-W, Wang T-G, Wang Y-C. Neck Muscle Stiffness Quantified by Sonoelastography is Correlated with Body Mass Index and Chronic Neck Pain Symptoms. 39:1356-1361.
        Sirli R, Bota S, Sporea I, Jurchis A, Popescu A, Gradinaru-Tasc_u O, Szilaski M. Liver Stiffness Measurements by Means of Supersonic Shear Imaging in Patients Without Known Liver Pathology. 39:1362-1367.
        Deleaval F, Bouvier A, Finet G, Cloutier G, Yazdani SK, Le Floc'h S, Clarysse P, Pettigrew RI, Ohayon J. The Intravascular Ultrasound Elasticity-Palpography Technique Revisited: A Reliable Tool for the In Vivo Detection of Vulnerable Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaques. 39:1469-1481.
        Gao J, Weitzel W, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Lee J, Dadhania D, Min R. Renal Transplant Elasticity Ultrasound Imaging: Correlation Between Normalized Strain and Renal Cortical Fibrosis. 39:1536-1542.
        Ying H, Da L, Luo J, Li-Xia L, Yu X, Li-Mei X, Wei-Dong R. Quantitative Assessment of Bladder Neck Compliance by Using Transvaginal Real-Time Elastography of Women. 39:1727-1734.
        Sporea I, Bota S, Jurchis A, Sirli R, Gradinaru-Tascau O, Popescu A, Ratiu I, Szilaski M. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Supersonic Shear Imaging Versus Transient Elastography for Liver Fibrosis Assessment. 39:1933-1941.
        Fierbinteanu Braticevici C, Sporea I, Panaitescu E, Tribus L. Value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging Elastography for Non-invasive Evaluation of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. 39:1942-1950.
        Muro-Culebras A, Cuesta-Vargas AI. Sono-myography and Sono-myoelastography of the Tender Points of Women with Fibromyalgia. 39:1951-1957.
        Zhan J, Diao X-H, Chai Q-L, Chen Y. Comparative Study of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging With Real-Time Elastography in Differential Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules. 39:2217-2225.
        Wojcinski S, Brandhorst K, Sadigh G, Hillemanns P, Degenhardt F. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging with Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification: Measurements of Normal Breast Tissue and Dependence on the Degree of Pre-compression. 39:2226-2232.
        Farrokh A, Wojcinski S, Degenhardt F. Evaluation of Real-Time Tissue Sono-elastography in the Assessment of 214 Breast Lesions: Limitations of This Method Resulting from Different Histologic Subtypes, Tumor Size and Tumor Localization. 39:2264-2271.
        Tzschatzsch H, Hattasch R, Knebel F, Klaua R, Schultz M, Jenderka K-V, Braun J, Sack I. Isovolumetric Elasticity Alteration in the Human Heart Detected by In Vivo Time-Harmonic Elastography. 39:2272-2278.
        Chen X, Shen Y, Zheng Y, Lin H, Guo Y, Zhu Y, Zhang X, Wang T, Chen S. Quantification of Liver Viscoelasticity with Acoustic Radiation Force: A Study of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Rat Model. 39:2091-2102.
        Dutta D, Lee K-W, Allen RA, Wang Y, Brigham JC, Kim K. Non-invasive Assessment of Elastic Modulus of Arterial Constructs during Cell Culture Using Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging. 39:2103-2115.
        Bernal M, Gennisson J-L, Flaud P, Tanter M. Correlation between Classical Rheometry and Supersonic Shear Wave Imaging in Blood Clots. 39:2123-2136.

        Emboli detection

        Synonyms: embolic signal, microembolic signal, embolus, embolism
        See also: thrombolysis
        Zagorka JB, Aleksandra PM, Bosiljka VTP, Marija BKV, Edita C, Tatjana PP, Nadezda SCM. The Significance of the Ultrasound Diagnostics in Evaluation of the Emboligenic Pathogenesis of Transient Ischemic Attacks. 39:597-603.
        Park S, Maxwell AD, Owens GE, Gurm HS, Cain CA, Xu Z. Non-Invasive Embolus Trap Using Histotripsy-An Acoustic Parameter Study. 39:611-619.
        Tajbakhsh N, Wu H, Xue W, McMahon EM, Belohlavek M, Liang J. Motion Analysis of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Under Mild or Moderate Pressure Overload Caused by Acute Pulmonary Embolism. 39:2066-2074.
        Menozzi G, Maccabruni V, Gabbi E, Leone N, Calzolari M. Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Evaluation of Splenic Embolization in Patients with Definite Left-Sided Infective Endocarditis. 39:2205-2210.

        Eyes

        Synonyms: ocular, retinal, cornea
        Nabili M, Patel H, Mahesh SP, Liu J, Geist C, Zderic V. Ultrasound-Enhanced Delivery of Antibiotics and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Into the Eye. 39:638-646.
        Yoon S, Aglyamov S, Karpiouk A, Emelianov S. The Mechanical Properties of Ex Vivo Bovine and Porcine Crystalline Lenses: Age-Related Changes and Location-Dependent Variations. 39:1120-1127.
        Hollman KW, Shtein RM, Tripathy S, Kim K. Using an Ultrasound Elasticity Microscope to Map Three-Dimensional Strain in a Porcine Cornea. 39:1451-1459.

        F

        Feature detection

        Synonyms: Feature selection, Feature tracking, Feature Extraction, Feature selection, Edge detection, Contour detection, Boundary Delineation, Pattern recognition, Pattern classification, Automated tracking, virtual histology
        See also: Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system, image processing
        Riha K, Masek J, Burget R, Benes R, Zavodna E. Novel Method for Localization of Common Carotid Artery Transverse Section in Ultrasound Images Using Modified Viola-Jones Detector. 39:1887-1902.

        Flow visualisation

        Synonyms: flowmetry, particle image velocimetry, PIV
        See also: Doppler
        Yiu BYS, Yu ACH. High-Frame-Rate Ultrasound Color-Encoded Speckle Imaging of Complex Flow Dynamics. 39:1015-1025.

        Fracture healing

        Synonyms: regeneration
        See also: bone, healing
        Cheung W-H, Chin W-C, Wei F-Y, Li G, Leung K-S. Applications of Exogenous Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Enhance Fracture Healing in Rat Model. 39:117-125.
        Gollwitzer H, Gloeck T, Roessner M, Langer R, Horn C, Gerdesmeyer L, Diehl P. Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) Induces New Bone Formation in vivo: Results of an Animal Study in Rabbits. 39:126-133.
        Rohrbach D, Preininger B, Hesse B, Gerigk H, Perka C, Raum K. The Early Phases of Bone Healing Can Be Differentiated in a Rat Osteotomy Model by Focused Transverse-Transmission Ultrasound. 39:1642-1653.

        G

        Gastroenterology

        Synonyms: Gastrointestinal Tract, gastric, digestive system, oesophageal
        Scopus Search: Gastr* AND digestive OR oesophag* OR esophag*
        See also: liver, pancreas
        Nylund K, Jirik R, Mezl M, Leh S, Hausken T, Pfeffer F, Odegaard S, Taxt T, Gilja OH. Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Comparison Between Inflammatory and Fibrotic Lesions in Patients with Crohn's Disease. 39:1197-1206.

        Gene therapy

        Synonyms: gene delivery, Gene transfection, Gene transfer
        Su C-H, Wu Y-J, Chang C-Y, Tien T-Y, Tseng S-W, Tsai C-H, Bettinger T, Tsai C-H, Yeh H-I. The Increase of VEGF Secretion From Endothelial Progenitor Cells Post Ultrasonic VEGF Gene Delivery Enhances the Proliferation and Migration of Endothelial Cells. 39:134-145.
        Zhang C-B, Cao H-L, Li Q, Tu J, Guo X, Liu Z, Zhang D. Enhancement Effect of Ultrasound-Induced Microbubble Cavitation on Branched Polyethylenimine-Mediated VEGF165 Transfection With Varied N/P Ratio. 39:161-171.
        Anderson CD, Urschitz J, Khemmani M, Owens JB, Moisyadi S, Shohet RV, Walton CB. Ultrasound Directs a Transposase System for Durable Hepatic Gene Delivery in Mice. 39:2351-2361.
        Cochran M, Wheatley MA. In Vitro Gene Delivery with Ultrasound-Triggered Polymer Microbubbles. 39:1102-1119.

        Genitourinary

        Synonyms: urinary tract, bladder, urodynamics, reproductive system, pelvis
        See also: prostate, testis, uterus
        Yang J-M, Yang S-H, Huang W-C, Tzeng C-R. Reliability of a New Method for Assessing Tension and Configuration of Transobturator Suburethral Tapes Using Four-Dimensional Ultrasound. 39:44-53.
        Ying H, Da L, Luo J, Li-Xia L, Yu X, Li-Mei X, Wei-Dong R. Quantitative Assessment of Bladder Neck Compliance by Using Transvaginal Real-Time Elastography of Women. 39:1727-1734.

        H

        Harmonic Imaging

        Synonyms: Tissue harmonic imaging (TIH), phase inversion harmonic imaging (PIHI), second harmonic imaging, subharmonic imaging, pulse inversion, nonlinear imaging
        See also: contrast enhanced imaging
        Maresca D, Renaud G, van Soest G, Li X, Zhou Q, Shung KK, de Jong N, van der Steen AFW. Contrast-Enhanced Intravascular Ultrasound Pulse Sequences for Bandwidth-Limited Transducers. 39:706-713.
        Jakovljevic M, Trahey GE, Nelson RC, Dahl JJ. In Vivo Application of Short-Lag Spatial Coherence Imaging in Human Liver. 39:534-542.

        Healing

        Synonyms: regeneration, regenerative
        Scopus Search: healing OR regener*
        See also: fracture healing, therapeutic applications of ultrasound
        Keltie K, Reay CA, Bousfield DR, Cole H, Ward B, Oates CP, Sims AJ. Characterization of the Ultrasound Beam Produced by the MIST Therapy, Wound Healing System. 39:1233-1240.

        Hemorrhage

        Synonyms: bleeding, trauma
        Zhou X, Chen L, Feng C, Li B, Tang J, Liu A, Lv F, Li T. Establishing an Animal Model of Intracerebral Hemorrhage under the Guidance of Ultrasound. 39:2116-2122.

        High frequency ultrasound

        Synonyms: high resolution
        See also: acoustic microscopy
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Helfield BL, Cherin E, Foster FS, Goertz DE. The Effect of Binding on the Subharmonic Emissions from Individual Lipid-Encapsulated Microbubbles at Transmit Frequencies of 11 and 25 MHz. 39:345-359.
        Schone M, Mannicke N, Gottwald M, Gobel F, Raum K. 3-D High-Frequency Ultrasound Improves the Estimation of Surface Properties in Degenerated Cartilage. 39:834-844.
        Elhai M, Jerome A, Marchiol C, Renault G, Ruiz B, Frechet M, Chiocchia G, Allanore Y. Performance of Skin Ultrasound to Measure Skin Involvement in Different Animal Models of Systemic Sclerosis. 39:845-852.
        Chiang C-H, Kuo L-C, Kuo Y-L, Wu K-C, Shao C-J, Chern T-C, Jou IM. The Value of High-Frequency Ultrasonographic Imaging for Quantifying Trigger Digits: A Correlative Study with Clinical Findings in Patients with Different Severity Grading. 39:967-974.
        Wu J, Zhou Y-Q, Zou Y, Henkelman M. Evaluation of Bi-ventricular Coronary Flow Patterns Using High-Frequency Ultrasound in Mice with Transverse Aortic Constriction. 39:2053-2065.
        Aristizbal O, Mamou J, Ketterling JA, Turnbull DH. High-Throughput, High-Frequency 3-D Ultrasound for in Utero Analysis of Embryonic Mouse Brain Development. 39:2321-2332.
        Lavarello RJ, Ridgway WR, Sarwate SS, Oelze ML. Characterization of Thyroid Cancer in Mouse Models Using High-Frequency Quantitative Ultrasound Techniques. 39:2333-2341.

        High intensity focused ultrasound

        Synonyms: Focused ultrasound surgery, HIFU, FUS, thermal ablation
        See also: therapeutic applications of ultrasound, hyperthermia, thermal effects
        Tych RE, Gofeld M, Jarvik JG, Kliot M, Loeser JD, McClintic AM, Ollos RJ, Pederson KD, Sparks RE, Terman GW, Mourad PD. Neuropathic Tissue Responds Preferentially to Stimulation by Intense Focused Ultrasound. 39:111-116.
        Park MJ, Kim Y-s, Yang J, Sun WC, Park H, Chae SY, Namgung M-S, Choi K-S. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Enhances Targeted Delivery of Cetuximab to Colon Cancer Xenograft Model in Mice. 39:292-299.
        Dunmire B, Kucewicz JC, Mitchell SB, Crum LA, Sekins KM. Characterizing an Agar/Gelatin Phantom for Image Guided Dosing and Feedback Control of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:300-311.
        Wang Y-N, Khokhlova T, Bailey M, Hwang JH, Khokhlova V. Histological and Biochemical Analysis of Mechanical and Thermal Bioeffects in Boiling Histotripsy Lesions Induced by High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:424-438.
        Choi MJ, Guntur SR, Lee KIL, Paeng DG, Coleman A. A Tissue Mimicking Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Phantom for Visualizing Thermal Lesions Generated by High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:439-448.
        Li C, Xiong X, Li Y, Li J, Peng B, Wang Z, Chen W. Therapeutic Effects of Focused Ultrasound in 4014 Patients with Symptomatic Cervical Ectopy. 39:604-610.
        Park S, Maxwell AD, Owens GE, Gurm HS, Cain CA, Xu Z. Non-Invasive Embolus Trap Using Histotripsy-An Acoustic Parameter Study. 39:611-619.
        Al-Qraini MM, Canney MS, Oweis GF. Laser-Induced Fluorescence Thermometry of Heating in Water from Short Bursts of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:647-659.
        Iqbal K, Ohl S-W, Khoo B-C, Neo J, Fawzy AS. Effect of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on Enterococcus Faecalis Planktonic Suspensions and Biofilms. 39:825-833.
        Liu Q, Zhao H, Wu S, Zhao X, Zhong Y, Li L, Liu Z. Impact of Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound on Liver Ethanol Ablation. 39:1039-1046.
        Long T, Xu J, McClure SR, Amin V, Haynes J. Potential Femoral Head Osteonecrosis Model Induced by High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:1056-1065.
        Vincenot J, Melodelima D, Chavrier F, Vignot A, Kocot A, Chapelon J-Y. Electronic Beam Steering Used with a Toroidal HIFU Transducer Substantially Increases the Coagulated Volume. 39:1241-1254.
        Elbes D, Denost Q, Laurent C, Trillaud H, Rullier A, Quesson B. Pre-Clinical Study of In Vivo Magnetic Resonance-Guided Bubble-Enhanced Heating in Pig Liver. 39:1388-1397.
        Bu R, Yin L, Yang H, Wang Q, Wu F, Zou JZ. Tissue Ablation Accelerated by Peripheral Scanning Mode with High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Study on Isolated Porcine Liver Perfusion. 39:1410-1419.
        Viallon M, Petrusca L, Auboiroux V, Goget T, Baboi L, Becker CD, Salomir R. Experimental Methods for Improved Spatial Control of Thermal Lesions in Magnetic Resonance-Guided Focused Ultrasound Ablation. 39:1580-1595.
        Civale J, Rivens I, ter Haar G, Morris H, Coussios C, Friend P, Bamber J. Calibration of Ultrasound Backscatter Temperature Imaging for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment Planning. 39:1596-1612.
        Yin L, Gudur MSR, Hsiao Y-S, Kumon RE, Deng CX, Jiang H. Tomographic Reconstruction of Tissue Properties and Temperature Increase for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Applications. 39:1760-1770.
        Guntur SR, Lee KI, Paeng D-G, Coleman AJ, Choi MJ. Temperature-Dependent Thermal Properties of ex Vivo Liver Undergoing Thermal Ablation. 39:1771-1784.
        Ritchie R, Collin J, Coussios C, Leslie T. Attenuation and De-focusing During High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Through Peri-nephric Fat. 39:1785-1793.
        Lee ES, Lee JY, Kim H, Choi Y, Park J, Han JK, Choi BI. Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Enhances Apoptosis of Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft with Gemcitabine. 39:1991-2000.
        Fowler R, Fossheim S, Mestas JL, Ngo J, Canet-Soulas E, Lafon C. Non-Invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-Up Of Sono-Sensitive Liposome Tumor Delivery and Controlled Release After High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:2342-2350.
        Historical review

        Histotripsy

        Synonyms: pulsed ultrasound cavitational therapy
        See also: Cavitation
        Wang Y-N, Khokhlova T, Bailey M, Hwang JH, Khokhlova V. Histological and Biochemical Analysis of Mechanical and Thermal Bioeffects in Boiling Histotripsy Lesions Induced by High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:424-438.
        Kim Y, Fifer CG, Gelehrter SK, Owens GE, Berman DR, Vlaisavljevich E, Allen SP, Ladino-Torres MF, Xu Z. Developmental Impact and Lesion Maturation of Histotripsy-Mediated Non-Invasive Tissue Ablation in a Fetal Sheep Model. 39:1047-1055.
        Vlaisavljevich E, Kim Y, Allen S, Owens G, Pelletier S, Cain C, Ives K, Xu Z. Image-Guided Non-Invasive Ultrasound Liver Ablation Using Histotripsy: Feasibility Study in an In Vivo Porcine Model. 39:1398-1409.
        Miller RM, Kim Y, Lin K-W, Cain CA, Owens GE, Xu Z. Histotripsy Cardiac Therapy System Integrated with Real-Time Motion Correction. 39:2362-2373.

        Hyperthermia

        Synonyms: thermotherapy
        See also: High intensity Focused Ultrasound, thermal effects, therapeutic applications of ultrasound
        Mannaris C, Efthymiou E, Meyre M-E, Averkiou MA. In Vitro Localized Release of Thermosensitive Liposomes with Ultrasound-Induced Hyperthermia. 39:2011-2020.

        I

        Image artifacts

        Synonyms: artefacts, shadowing, imaging errors, defocusing, aliasing, distortion, afterglow, duplication
        Scopus Search: art*facts OR shadow*
        See also: speckle, image processing
        Lu W, Sapozhnikov OA, Bailey MR, Kaczkowski PJ, Crum LA. Evidence for Trapped Surface Bubbles as the Cause for the Twinkling Artifact in Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1026-1038.
        Ponnle A, Hasegawa H, Kanai H. Suppression of Grating Lobe Artifacts in Ultrasound Images Formed from Diverging Transmitting Beams by Modulation of Receiving Beams. 39:681-691.

        Image processing

        Synonyms: filtering, averaging, denoising, decluttering, image enhancement, attenuation correction
        See also: feature detection, principle components analysis, speckle, computer aided diagnosis
        Alberti M, Balocco S, Carrillo X, Mauri J, Radeva P. Automatic Non-rigid Temporal Alignment of Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences: Method and Quantitative Validation. 39:1698-1712.
        Riha K, Masek J, Burget R, Benes R, Zavodna E. Novel Method for Localization of Common Carotid Artery Transverse Section in Ultrasound Images Using Modified Viola-Jones Detector. 39:1887-1902.
        Kudla MJ, Kandzia T, Alcazar JL. Comparison of Two Methods for Calculating the Mean Vascularization Index of Ovarian Stroma on the Basis of Spatio-temporal Image Correlation High-Definition Flow Technology. 39:2202-2204.

        Image reconstruction

        Synonyms: compound imaging, compounding, spatial compound sonography (SONOCT), mapping, surface reconstruction, volume reconstruction
        Yin L, Gudur MSR, Hsiao Y-S, Kumon RE, Deng CX, Jiang H. Tomographic Reconstruction of Tissue Properties and Temperature Increase for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Applications. 39:1760-1770.

        Image segmentation

        Synonyms: Partitioning Clustering
        See also: computer aided diagnosis, image processing
        Zhang H, Abiose AK, Gupta D, Campbell DN, Martins JB, Sonka M, Wahle A. Novel Indices for Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony Characterization Based on Highly Automated Segmentation From Real-Time 3-D Echocardiography. 39:72-88.
        Barbosa D, Dietenbeck T, Heyde B, Houle H, Friboulet D, D'hooge J, Bernard O. Fast and Fully Automatic 3-D Echocardiographic Segmentation Using B-Spline Explicit Active Surfaces: Feasibility Study and Validation in a Clinical Setting. 39:89-101.
        Arbeille P, Angoulvant D, Zuj K, Patier J, Desveaux B, Quilliet L, Charbonnier B. Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking for Assessing Improvement in Left Ventricular Contractility After Coronary Angioplasty. 39:102-110.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Cheng J, Li H, Xiao F, Fenster A, Zhang X, He X, Li L, Ding M. Fully Automatic Plaque Segmentation in 3-D Carotid Ultrasound Images. 39:2431-2446.

        Image registration

        Synonyms: correlation, recorrelation, fusion
        See also: image processing
        Mercier L, Araujo D, Haegelen C, Del Maestro RF, Petrecca K, Collins DL. Registering Pre- and Postresection 3-Dimensional Ultrasound for Improved Visualization of Residual Brain Tumor. 39:16-29.

        In memoriam

        Chou Y-H, Tiu C-M, Hsieh F-J, Chen CT-C. In Memoriam: Hsi-Yao Chen, MD, FAIUM, 1922-2012, The Father of Modern Obstetrics and Pioneer of Diagnostic Ultrasound in Taiwan. 39:1-3.

        Instrumentation

        Synonyms: scanning systems, imaging hardware
        See also: arrays, transducers
        Xing J, Choi M, Ang W, Yu X, Chen J. Design and Characterization of a Close-Proximity Thermoacoustic Sensor. 39:1613-1622.

        Intravascular ultrasound

        Synonyms: IVUS
        Scopus Search: intravascular OR IVUS
        See also: blood vessels
        Richards MS, Doyley MM. Non-Rigid Image Registration Based Strain Estimator for Intravascular Ultrasound Elastography. 39:515-533.
        Maresca D, Renaud G, van Soest G, Li X, Zhou Q, Shung KK, de Jong N, van der Steen AFW. Contrast-Enhanced Intravascular Ultrasound Pulse Sequences for Bandwidth-Limited Transducers. 39:706-713.
        Deleaval F, Bouvier A, Finet G, Cloutier G, Yazdani SK, Le Floc'h S, Clarysse P, Pettigrew RI, Ohayon J. The Intravascular Ultrasound Elasticity-Palpography Technique Revisited: A Reliable Tool for the In Vivo Detection of Vulnerable Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaques. 39:1469-1481.
        Alberti M, Balocco S, Carrillo X, Mauri J, Radeva P. Automatic Non-rigid Temporal Alignment of Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences: Method and Quantitative Validation. 39:1698-1712.

        Ischemia

        Synonyms: ischaemia
        Scopus Search: isch*emia OR isch*emic
        See also: thrombolysis, atheroscelerosis, blood perfusion
        Zagorka JB, Aleksandra PM, Bosiljka VTP, Marija BKV, Edita C, Tatjana PP, Nadezda SCM. The Significance of the Ultrasound Diagnostics in Evaluation of the Emboligenic Pathogenesis of Transient Ischemic Attacks. 39:597-603.
        Ren J, Zheng B-W, Wang P, Liao M, Zheng R-Q, Lu M-D, Lu Y, Zeng J, Zhang Y-L. Revealing Impaired Blood Supply to the Bile Ducts on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: A Novel Diagnosis Method to Ischemic-Type Biliary Lesions After Orthotropic Liver Transplantation. 39:753-760.

        K

        Kidney

        Synonyms: nephrology, renal
        Ozkan F, Yavuz YC, Inci MF, Altunoluk B, Ozcan N, Yuksel M, Sayarlioglu H, Dogan E. Interobserver Variability of Ultrasound Elastography in Transplant Kidneys: Correlations With Clinical-Doppler Parameters. 39:4-9.
        Gao J, Chevalier J, Auh YH, Rubin JM, Wang H, Sun L-N, Seshan S, Min R. Correlation Between Doppler Parameters and Renal Cortical Fibrosis in Lupus Nephritis: A Preliminary Observation. 39:275-282.
        Lu W, Sapozhnikov OA, Bailey MR, Kaczkowski PJ, Crum LA. Evidence for Trapped Surface Bubbles as the Cause for the Twinkling Artifact in Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1026-1038.
        Gao J, Weitzel W, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Lee J, Dadhania D, Min R. Renal Transplant Elasticity Ultrasound Imaging: Correlation Between Normalized Strain and Renal Cortical Fibrosis. 39:1536-1542.
        Ritchie R, Collin J, Coussios C, Leslie T. Attenuation and De-focusing During High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Therapy Through Peri-nephric Fat. 39:1785-1793.
        Roosens B, Bala G, Droogmans S, Hostens J, Somja J, Delvenne E, Schiettecatte J, Delvenne P, Caveliers V, Lahoutte T, Van Camp G, Cosyns B. Echocardiographic Integrated Backscatter for Assessing Reduction of Aortic Valve Calcifications by R-568 in a Rat Model of Chronic Kidney Disease. 39:2075-2083.
        Brennan S, Kandasamy Y. Renal Parenchymal Thickness as a Measure of Renal Growth in Low-Birth-Weight Infants versus Normal-Birth-Weight Infants. 39:2315-2320.
        Park DW, Kruger GH, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Gottschalk P, Dodde RE, Shih AJ, Weitzel WF. In Vivo Vascular Wall Shear Rate and Circumferential Strain of Renal Disease Patients. 39:241-252.

        L

        Letters to the editor

        Martins WP, Welsh AW, Falkensammer P, Raine-Fenning NJ. Re: Spatio-Temporal Imaging Correlation (STIC): Technical Notes About STIC Triggering and Choosing Between Power Doppler or High-Definition Color Flow. 39:549-550.
        Gizzo S, Saccardi C, Di Gangi S, Dalla Toffola A, D'Antona D, Nardelli GB, Saccardi C, Patrelli TS. Ultrasound Investigation During Labour of Consensual or Nonconsensual Fetal Spine in an Occiput Posterior Cephalic Presentation can Improve the Management of Delivery? 39:550-551.
        Parker KJ. Call for Papers. 39:742.
        Kerasnoudis A. Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129.
        Tai T-W, Wu C-Y, Su F-C, Chern T-C, Jou IM. Reply to Letter to the Editor Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129-1130.
        Tana C, Iannetti G, Mezzetti A, Schiavone C. Heterogeneous Delayed Enhancement of the Liver after Administration of Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Are We Sure That it is a Harmless Phenomenon? 39:2214.

        Lipolysis

        Synonyms: liposuction, weight loss, fat reduction
        Scopus Search: lipo*
        Liao A-H, Ma W-C, Wu M-F. Evaluation of Ultrasound Combined with Chitosan for the Control of Weight and Local Fat in Mice. 39:1794-1803.

        Liposomes

        Synonyms: vesicle, reverse micelle
        See also: contrast agents, drug delivery
        Eggen S, Afadzi M, Nilssen EA, Haugstad SB, Angelsen B, Davies CdL. Ultrasound Improves the Uptake and Distribution of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Prostate Cancer Xenografts. 39:1255-1266.
        Mannaris C, Efthymiou E, Meyre M-E, Averkiou MA. In Vitro Localized Release of Thermosensitive Liposomes with Ultrasound-Induced Hyperthermia. 39:2011-2020.
        Fowler R, Fossheim S, Mestas JL, Ngo J, Canet-Soulas E, Lafon C. Non-Invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-Up Of Sono-Sensitive Liposome Tumor Delivery and Controlled Release After High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:2342-2350.

        Liver

        Synonyms: hepatic
        Scopus Search: Liver OR hepat*
        Bolondi L. The Appropriate Allocation of CEUS in the Diagnostic Algorithm of Liver Lesions: A Debated Issue. 39:183-185.
        Greenbaum LD. Foreword to Guidelines and Good Clinical Practice Recommendations for Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in the Liver - Update 2012. 39:186.
        Claudon M, Dietrich CF, Choi BI, Cosgrove DO, Kudo M, Nolsøe CP, Piscaglia F, Wilson SR, Barr RG, Chammas MC, Chaubal NG, Chen M-H, Clevert DA, Correas JM, Ding H, Forsberg F, Fowlkes JB, Gibson RN, Goldberg BB, Lassau N, Leen ELS, Mattrey RF, Moriyasu F, Solbiati L, Weskott H-P, Xu H-X. Guidelines and Good Clinical Practice Recommendations for Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in the Liver - Update 2012: A WFUMB-EFSUMB Initiative in Cooperation with Representatives of AFSUMB, AIUM, ASUM, FLAUS and ICUS. 39:187-210.
        Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Popescu A, Jurchis A. Factors Which Influence the Accuracy of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for the Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. 39:407-412.
        Jakovljevic M, Trahey GE, Nelson RC, Dahl JJ. In Vivo Application of Short-Lag Spatial Coherence Imaging in Human Liver. 39:534-542.
        Popescu A, Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Danila M, Racean S, Suseanu D, Gradinaru O, Ivascu Siegfried C. The Influence of Food Intake on Liver Stiffness Values Assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Preliminary Results. 39:579-584.
        Kanayama Y, Kamiyama N, Maruyama K, Sumino Y. Real-Time Ultrasound Attenuation Imaging of Diffuse Fatty Liver Disease. 39:692-705.
        Ren J, Zheng B-W, Wang P, Liao M, Zheng R-Q, Lu M-D, Lu Y, Zeng J, Zhang Y-L. Revealing Impaired Blood Supply to the Bile Ducts on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: A Novel Diagnosis Method to Ischemic-Type Biliary Lesions After Orthotropic Liver Transplantation. 39:753-760.
        Hudson JM, Milot L, Parry C, Williams R, Burns PN. Inter- and Intra-Operator Reliability and Repeatability of Shear Wave Elastography in the Liver: A Study in Healthy Volunteers. 39:950-955.
        Mak T-M, Huang Y-P, Zheng Y-P. Liver Fibrosis Assessment Using Transient Elastography Guided with Real-Time B-mode Ultrasound Imaging: A Feasibility Study. 39:956-966.
        Lin S-h, Ding H, Mao F, Xue L-Y, Lv W-w, Zhu H-G, Huang B-J, Wang W-P. Non-invasive Assessment of Liver Fibrosis in a Rat Model: Shear Wave Elasticity Imaging Versus Real-Time Elastography. 39:1215-1222.
        Sirli R, Bota S, Sporea I, Jurchis A, Popescu A, Gradinaru-Tasc_u O, Szilaski M. Liver Stiffness Measurements by Means of Supersonic Shear Imaging in Patients Without Known Liver Pathology. 39:1362-1367.
        Elbes D, Denost Q, Laurent C, Trillaud H, Rullier A, Quesson B. Pre-Clinical Study of In Vivo Magnetic Resonance-Guided Bubble-Enhanced Heating in Pig Liver. 39:1388-1397.
        Vlaisavljevich E, Kim Y, Allen S, Owens G, Pelletier S, Cain C, Ives K, Xu Z. Image-Guided Non-Invasive Ultrasound Liver Ablation Using Histotripsy: Feasibility Study in an In Vivo Porcine Model. 39:1398-1409.
        Bu R, Yin L, Yang H, Wang Q, Wu F, Zou JZ. Tissue Ablation Accelerated by Peripheral Scanning Mode with High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Study on Isolated Porcine Liver Perfusion. 39:1410-1419.
        Wang Y, Wu Z, Ju Y, Cao L, Shi L, Tong F, Jiang X, Zhu C. Tissue Doppler Imaging and Tissue Strain Imaging for the Evaluation of Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B. 39:1527-1535.
        Qu P, Yu X, Liang P, Cheng Z, Han Z, Liu F, Yu J. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Characterization of Hepatocellular Carcinomas Treated by Ablation: Comparison with Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 39:1571-1579.
        Sporea I, Bota S, Jurchis A, Sirli R, Gradinaru-Tascau O, Popescu A, Ratiu I, Szilaski M. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Supersonic Shear Imaging Versus Transient Elastography for Liver Fibrosis Assessment. 39:1933-1941.
        Fierbinteanu Braticevici C, Sporea I, Panaitescu E, Tribus L. Value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging Elastography for Non-invasive Evaluation of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. 39:1942-1950.
        Chen X, Shen Y, Zheng Y, Lin H, Guo Y, Zhu Y, Zhang X, Wang T, Chen S. Quantification of Liver Viscoelasticity with Acoustic Radiation Force: A Study of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Rat Model. 39:2091-2102.
        Liu GJ, Ji Q, Moriyasu F, Xie XY, Wang W, Wong LH, Lin MX, Lu MD. Value of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Using Perflubutane Microbubbles for Diagnosing Liver Fibrosis and Cirrhosis in Rats. 39:2158-2165.
        Tana C, Iannetti G, Mezzetti A, Schiavone C. Heterogeneous Delayed Enhancement of the Liver after Administration of Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Are We Sure That it is a Harmless Phenomenon? 39:2214.
        Anderson CD, Urschitz J, Khemmani M, Owens JB, Moisyadi S, Shohet RV, Walton CB. Ultrasound Directs a Transposase System for Durable Hepatic Gene Delivery in Mice. 39:2351-2361.

        Low frequency ultrasound

        Synonyms: LFUS
        See also: physiotherapy
        Lucht B, Hubbell A, Hynynen K. Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Two-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging Using Shear-Mode Conversion at Low Frequency. 39:332-344.

        Low intensity ultrasound

        Synonyms: Low intensity pulsed ultrasound, LIPUS, LIFU
        Cheung W-H, Chin W-C, Wei F-Y, Li G, Leung K-S. Applications of Exogenous Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Enhance Fracture Healing in Rat Model. 39:117-125.
        Noda K, Hirano T, Noda K, Kodama S, Ichimiya I, Suzuki M. Effect of Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound on the Middle Ear in a Mouse Model of Acute Otitis Media. 39:413-423.
        Uddin SMZ, Hadjiargyrou M, Cheng J, Zhang S, Hu M, Qin Y-X. Reversal of the Detrimental Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Human Osteoblasts by Modified Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound. 39:804-812.
        Al-Daghreer S, Doschak M, Sloan AJ, Major PW, Heo G, Scurtescu C, Tsui YY, El-Bialy T. Short-Term Effect of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on an Ex-Vivo 3-D Tooth Culture. 39:1066-1074.
        Huang Y, Vykhodtseva NI, Hynynen K. Creating Brain Lesions with Low-Intensity Focused Ultrasound with Microbubbles: A Rat Study at Half a Megahertz. 39:1420-1428.

        Lymphatic system

        Synonyms: lymph nodes
        Scopus Search: lymph*
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Choi YJ, Lee JH, Lim HK, Kim SY, Han MW, Cho K-J, Baek JH. Quantitative Shear Wave Elastography in the Evaluation of Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:935-940.
        Fujiwara T, Tomokuni J, Iwanaga K, Ooba S, Haji T. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Reactive and Malignant/Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:1178-1183.
        Kim DW, Jung SJ, Ha TK, Park HK. Individual and Combined Diagnostic Accuracy of Ultrasound Diagnosis, Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration and Polymerase Chain Reaction in Identifying Tuberculous Lymph Nodes in the Neck. 39:2308-2314.

        M

        Modelling

        Synonyms: simulations, theory, mathematical, in silico
        Mynard JP, Steinman DA. Effect of Velocity Profile Skewing on Blood Velocity and Volume Flow Waveforms Derived From Maximum Doppler Spectral Velocity. 39:870-881.
        Yin L, Gudur MSR, Hsiao Y-S, Kumon RE, Deng CX, Jiang H. Tomographic Reconstruction of Tissue Properties and Temperature Increase for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Applications. 39:1760-1770.
        Varray F, Basset O, Tortoli P, Cachard C. CREANUIS: A Non-linear Radiofrequency Ultrasound Image Simulator. 39:1915-1924.
        Gyongy M, Balogh L, Szalai K, Kallo I. Histology-Based Simulations of Ultrasound Imaging: Methodology. 39:1925-1929.

        Molecular imaging

        Synonyms: molecular tagging, targeted imaging, biomarkers
        Saini R, Sorace AG, Warram JM, Mahoney MJ, Zinn KR, Hoyt K. An Animal Model Allowing Controlled Receptor Expression for Molecular Ultrasound Imaging. 39:172-180.
        Helfield BL, Cherin E, Foster FS, Goertz DE. The Effect of Binding on the Subharmonic Emissions from Individual Lipid-Encapsulated Microbubbles at Transmit Frequencies of 11 and 25 MHz. 39:345-359.
        Sheeran PS, Streeter JE, Mullin LB, Matsunaga TO, Dayton PA. Toward Ultrasound Molecular Imaging With Phase-Change Contrast Agents: An In Vitro Proof of Principle. 39:893-902.

        Motion analysis

        Synonyms: motion tracking, motion compensation, M mode, phased tracking method
        Tajbakhsh N, Wu H, Xue W, McMahon EM, Belohlavek M, Liang J. Motion Analysis of Right Ventricular Dysfunction Under Mild or Moderate Pressure Overload Caused by Acute Pulmonary Embolism. 39:2066-2074.

        Musculoskeletal

        Synonyms: Sonomyography
        Scopus Search: Musc* OR Sonomyography
        Gronlund C, Claesson K, Holtermann A. Imaging Two-Dimensional Mechanical Waves of Skeletal Muscle Contraction. 39:360-369.
        Lam TP, Hung VWY, Yeung HY, Chu WCW, Ng BKW, Lee KM, Qin L, Cheng JCY. Quantitative Ultrasound for Predicting Curve Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Cohort Study of 294 Cases Followed-Up Beyond Skeletal Maturity. 39:381-387.
        Shum GL, Attenborough AS, Marsden JF, Hough AD. Tibial Nerve Excursion During Lumbar Spine and Hip Flexion Measured with Diagnostic Ultrasound. 39:784-790.
        Gellhorn AC, Carlson MJ. Inter-Rater, Intra-Rater, and Inter-Machine Reliability of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements of the Patellar Tendon. 39:791-796.
        Chiang C-H, Kuo L-C, Kuo Y-L, Wu K-C, Shao C-J, Chern T-C, Jou IM. The Value of High-Frequency Ultrasonographic Imaging for Quantifying Trigger Digits: A Correlative Study with Clinical Findings in Patients with Different Severity Grading. 39:967-974.
        Su P-H, Chen W-S, Wang T-G, Liang H-W. Correlation Between Subclinical Median Neuropathy and the Cross-Sectional Area of the Median Nerve at the Wrist. 39:975-980.
        Kerasnoudis A. Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129.
        Tai T-W, Wu C-Y, Su F-C, Chern T-C, Jou IM. Reply to Letter to the Editor Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129-1130.
        Orman G, Ozben S, Huseyinoglu N, Duymus M, Orman KG. Ultrasound Elastographic Evaluation in the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Initial Findings. 39:1184-1189.
        Kuo W-H, Jian D-W, Wang T-G, Wang Y-C. Neck Muscle Stiffness Quantified by Sonoelastography is Correlated with Body Mass Index and Chronic Neck Pain Symptoms. 39:1356-1361.
        Lewis Jr GK, Langer MD, Henderson Jr CR, Ortiz R. Design and Evaluation of a Wearable Self-Applied Therapeutic Ultrasound Device for Chronic Myofascial Pain. 39:1429-1439.
        Liukkonen J, Hirvasniemi J, Joukainen A, Penttila P, Viren T, Saarakkala S, Kroger H, Jurvelin JS, Toyras J. Arthroscopic Ultrasound Technique for Simultaneous Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone: An In Vitro and In Vivo Feasibility Study. 39:1460-1468.
        Muro-Culebras A, Cuesta-Vargas AI. Sono-myography and Sono-myoelastography of the Tender Points of Women with Fibromyalgia. 39:1951-1957.
        Li Q, Ni D, Yi W, Chen S, Wang T, Chen X. Use of Optical Flow to Estimate Continuous Changes in Muscle Thickness from Ultrasound Image Sequences. 39:2194-2201.
        Jousse-Joulin S, Morvan J, Devauchelle-Pensec V, Saraux A. Ultrasound Assessment of the Entheses in Primary Sjogren Syndrome. 39:2485-2487.
        Ryan ED, Rosenberg JG, Scharville MJ, Sobolewski EJ, Thompson BJ, King GE. Test-Retest Reliability and the Minimal Detectable Change for Achilles Tendon Length: A Panoramic Ultrasound Assessment. 39:2488-2491.

        N

        Nervous system

        Synonyms: neurology
        Scopus Search: Neuro* OR nerv*
        Shum GL, Attenborough AS, Marsden JF, Hough AD. Tibial Nerve Excursion During Lumbar Spine and Hip Flexion Measured with Diagnostic Ultrasound. 39:784-790.
        Hu Y, Zhong W, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Ultrasound can Modulate Neuronal Development: Impact on Neurite Growth and Cell Body Morphology. 39:915-925.
        Kerasnoudis A. Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129.
        Tai T-W, Wu C-Y, Su F-C, Chern T-C, Jou IM. Reply to Letter to the Editor Re: Ultrasonography for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. 39:1129-1130.
        Orman G, Ozben S, Huseyinoglu N, Duymus M, Orman KG. Ultrasound Elastographic Evaluation in the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Initial Findings. 39:1184-1189.
        Sugimoto T, Ochi K, Hosomi N, Mukai T, Ueno H, Takahashi T, Ohtsuki T, Kohriyama T, Matsumoto M. Ultrasonographic Reference Sizes of the Median and Ulnar Nerves and the Cervical Nerve Roots in Healthy Japanese Adults. 39:1560-1570.
        Roll SC, Evans KD, Volz KR, Sommerich CM. Longitudinal Design for Sonographic Measurement of Median Nerve Swelling with Controlled Exposure to Physical Work Using an Animal Model. 39:2492-2497.

        Neurostimulation

        Synonyms: brain imaging, transcranial
        Scopus Search: neurostimulation
        See also: brain, nervous system, transcranial Doppler
        Tych RE, Gofeld M, Jarvik JG, Kliot M, Loeser JD, McClintic AM, Ollos RJ, Pederson KD, Sparks RE, Terman GW, Mourad PD. Neuropathic Tissue Responds Preferentially to Stimulation by Intense Focused Ultrasound. 39:111-116.
        King RL, Brown JR, Newsome WT, Pauly KB. Effective Parameters for Ultrasound-Induced In Vivo Neurostimulation. 39:312-331.

        Nonlinear effects

        Synonyms: nonlinear propagation, acoustic nonlinearity, harmonic distortion
        See also: harmonic imaging, shock waves
        Varray F, Basset O, Tortoli P, Cachard C. CREANUIS: A Non-linear Radiofrequency Ultrasound Image Simulator. 39:1915-1924.

        O

        Obstetrics

        Synonyms: prenatal, fetal, gynaecology, foetal, FBM, FHR
        See also: uterus
        Sande RK, Matre K, Eide GE, Kiserud T. The Effect of Ultrasound Output Level on Obstetric Biometric Measurements. 39:37-43.
        Collins SL, Stevenson GN, Noble JA, Impey L. Rapid Calculation of Standardized Placental Volume at 11 to 13 Weeks and the Prediction of Small for Gestational Age Babies. 39:253-260.
        ter Haar GR, Abramowicz JS, Akiyama I, Evans DH, Ziskin MC, Marsal K. Do We Need to Restrict the Use of Doppler Ultrasound in the First Trimester of Pregnancy? 39:374-380.
        Gizzo S, Saccardi C, Di Gangi S, Dalla Toffola A, D'Antona D, Nardelli GB, Saccardi C, Patrelli TS. Ultrasound Investigation During Labour of Consensual or Nonconsensual Fetal Spine in an Occiput Posterior Cephalic Presentation can Improve the Management of Delivery? 39:550-551.
        Kim Y, Fifer CG, Gelehrter SK, Owens GE, Berman DR, Vlaisavljevich E, Allen SP, Ladino-Torres MF, Xu Z. Developmental Impact and Lesion Maturation of Histotripsy-Mediated Non-Invasive Tissue Ablation in a Fetal Sheep Model. 39:1047-1055.
        Hata T, Mashima M, Ito M, Uketa E, Mori N, Ishimura M. Three-Dimensional HDlive Rendering Images of the Fetal Heart. 39:1513-1517.
        Barra DA, Lima JC, Mauad Filho F, Araujo Jœnior E, Martins WP. Measuring Fetal Volume During Late First Trimester by Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography Using Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. 39:1552-1559.
        Ying H, Da L, Luo J, Li-Xia L, Yu X, Li-Mei X, Wei-Dong R. Quantitative Assessment of Bladder Neck Compliance by Using Transvaginal Real-Time Elastography of Women. 39:1727-1734.
        Meng X, Xie L, Song W. Comparing the Diagnostic Value of Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Placenta Accreta: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. 39:1958-1965.
        Struijk PC, Migchels H, Mathews JV, Stewart PA, Clark EB, de Korte CL, Lotgering FK. Fetal Aortic Distensibility, Compliance and Pulse Pressure Assessment during the Second Half of Pregnancy. 39:1966-1975.
        Brennan S, Kandasamy Y. Renal Parenchymal Thickness as a Measure of Renal Growth in Low-Birth-Weight Infants versus Normal-Birth-Weight Infants. 39:2315-2320.
        Aristizbal O, Mamou J, Ketterling JA, Turnbull DH. High-Throughput, High-Frequency 3-D Ultrasound for in Utero Analysis of Embryonic Mouse Brain Development. 39:2321-2332.
        Chou Y-H, Tiu C-M, Hsieh F-J, Chen CT-C. In Memoriam: Hsi-Yao Chen, MD, FAIUM, 1922-2012, The Father of Modern Obstetrics and Pioneer of Diagnostic Ultrasound in Taiwan. 39:1-3.
        Optoacoustic
        See Photoacoustic
        Orthopedic
        See Musculoskeletal, Bone

        Ovary

        Synonyms: reproductive system, ovarian
        See also: genitourinary
        Xiang H, Huang R, Cheng J, Gulinaer S, Hu R, Feng Y, Liu H. Value of Three-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Small Adnexal Masses. 39:761-768.

        P

        Pain relief

        Synonyms: pain management
        Scopus Search: pain*
        See also: Healing, Therapeutic applications of ultrasound
        Lewis Jr GK, Langer MD, Henderson Jr CR, Ortiz R. Design and Evaluation of a Wearable Self-Applied Therapeutic Ultrasound Device for Chronic Myofascial Pain. 39:1429-1439.

        Pancreas

        Synonyms: pancreatic, gastrointestinal
        See also: Gastroenterology
        Yu MH, Lee JY, Kim JH, Han JK, Choi B-I. Value of Near-Isovoxel Ultrasound for Evaluation of Ductal Communications with Pancreatic Cystic Lesions: Correlation with Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography. 39:2279-2284.

        Pediatrics

        Synonyms: children, infants, neonates
        Wu Y-C, Hsieh W-S, Hsu C-H, Chiu N-C, Chou H-C, Chen C-Y, Peng S-F, Hung H-Y, Chang J-H, Chen WJ, Jeng S-F. Relationship of Neonatal Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Asymmetry with Early Motor, Cognitive and Language Development in Term Infants. 39:797-803.
        Van der Ende J, Velazquez Antona CA, Erdmenger Orellana J, Romero Cardenas, Roldan FJ, Vargas Barron J. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Measured by Speckle Tracking as a Predictor of the Decrease in Left Ventricular Deformation in Children with Congenital Stenosis of the Aorta or Coarctation of the Aorta. 39:1207-1214.
        Czernik C, Rhode S, Helfer S, Schmalisch G, Buhrer C. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate Measured by 2-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Neonates During Whole-Body Hypothermia. 39:1343-1349.
        Zhang R, Ta D, Liu C, Chen C. Feasibility of Bone Assessment with Ultrasonic Backscatter Signals in Neonates. 39:1751-1759.

        Phantoms

        Synonyms: mimics, tissue-mimicking, gel phantom, gelatine, agarose, tofu, polyacrylamide, urethane foam, flow model, flow cell
        Dunmire B, Kucewicz JC, Mitchell SB, Crum LA, Sekins KM. Characterizing an Agar/Gelatin Phantom for Image Guided Dosing and Feedback Control of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:300-311.
        Choi MJ, Guntur SR, Lee KIL, Paeng DG, Coleman A. A Tissue Mimicking Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Phantom for Visualizing Thermal Lesions Generated by High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:439-448.
        Yang X, Sun C, Anderson T, Moran CM, Hadoke PWF, Gray GA, Hoskins PR. Assessment of Spectral Doppler in Preclinical Ultrasound Using a Small-Size Rotating Phantom. 39:1491-1499.
        Vieira SL, Pavan TZ, Junior JE, Carneiro AAO. Paraffin-Gel Tissue-Mimicking Material for Ultrasound-Guided Needle Biopsy Phantom. 39:2477-2484.
        Lai SSM, Yiu BYS, Poon AKK, Yu ACH. Design of Anthropomorphic Flow Phantoms Based on Rapid Prototyping of Compliant Vessel Geometries. 39:1654-1664.

        Photoacoustic

        Synonyms: optoacoustic, ultrasound light modulation, laser ultrasonic
        Xie Z, Hooi FM, Fowlkes JB, Pinsky RW, Wang X, Carson PL. Combined Photoacoustic and Acoustic Imaging of Human Breast Specimens in the Mammographic Geometry. 39:2176-2184.

        Policy statement

        WFUMB Policy and Statements on Safety of Ultrasound. 39:926-929.

        Prostate

        Synonyms: prostate gland
        See also: genitourinary
        Kuenen MPJ, Saidov TA, Wijkstra H, Mischi M. Contrast-Ultrasound Dispersion Imaging for Prostate Cancer Localization by Improved Spatiotemporal Similarity Analysis. 39:1631-1641.

        Q

        Quantitative ultrasound

        Synonyms: QUS, quantification, quantitation
        Scopus Search: Quantit* OR QUS
        Nylund K, Jirik R, Mezl M, Leh S, Hausken T, Pfeffer F, Odegaard S, Taxt T, Gilja OH. Quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Comparison Between Inflammatory and Fibrotic Lesions in Patients with Crohn's Disease. 39:1197-1206.
        Gu X, Wei M, Zong Y, Jiang H, Wan M. Flow Quantification with Nakagami Parametric Imaging for Suppressing Contrast Microbubbles Attenuation. 39:660-669.
        Gellhorn AC, Carlson MJ. Inter-Rater, Intra-Rater, and Inter-Machine Reliability of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements of the Patellar Tendon. 39:791-796.
        Choi YJ, Lee JH, Lim HK, Kim SY, Han MW, Cho K-J, Baek JH. Quantitative Shear Wave Elastography in the Evaluation of Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:935-940.
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.
        Liukkonen J, Hirvasniemi J, Joukainen A, Penttila P, Viren T, Saarakkala S, Kroger H, Jurvelin JS, Toyras J. Arthroscopic Ultrasound Technique for Simultaneous Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage and Subchondral Bone: An In Vitro and In Vivo Feasibility Study. 39:1460-1468.
        Payen T, Coron A, Lamuraglia M, Le Guillou-Buffello D, Gaud E, Arditi M, Lucidarme O, Bridal SL. Echo-Power Estimation from Log-Compressed Video Data in Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Imaging. 39:1826-1837.
        Mathieu V, Chappard C, Vayron R, Michel A, Haiat G. Radial Anatomic Variation of Ultrasonic Velocity in Human Cortical Bone. 39:2185-2193.
        Li Q, Ni D, Yi W, Chen S, Wang T, Chen X. Use of Optical Flow to Estimate Continuous Changes in Muscle Thickness from Ultrasound Image Sequences. 39:2194-2201.
        Kudla MJ, Kandzia T, Alcazar JL. Comparison of Two Methods for Calculating the Mean Vascularization Index of Ovarian Stroma on the Basis of Spatio-temporal Image Correlation High-Definition Flow Technology. 39:2202-2204.
        Yang J-M, Yang S-H, Huang W-C, Tzeng C-R. Reliability of a New Method for Assessing Tension and Configuration of Transobturator Suburethral Tapes Using Four-Dimensional Ultrasound. 39:44-53.
        Collins SL, Stevenson GN, Noble JA, Impey L. Rapid Calculation of Standardized Placental Volume at 11 to 13 Weeks and the Prediction of Small for Gestational Age Babies. 39:253-260.
        Lam TP, Hung VWY, Yeung HY, Chu WCW, Ng BKW, Lee KM, Qin L, Cheng JCY. Quantitative Ultrasound for Predicting Curve Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Cohort Study of 294 Cases Followed-Up Beyond Skeletal Maturity. 39:381-387.
        Stein EM, Rosete F, Young P, Kamanda-Kosseh M, McMahon DJ, Luo G, Kaufman JJ, Shane E, Siffert RS. Clinical Assessment of the 1/3 Radius Using a New Desktop Ultrasonic Bone Densitometer. 39:388-395.
        Wu M-H, Chen C-N, Chen K-Y, Ho M-C, Tai H-C, Chung Y-C, Lo C-P, Chen A, Chang K-J. Quantitative Analysis of Dynamic Power Doppler Sonograms for Patients with Thyroid Nodules. 39:1543-1551.
        Kuenen MPJ, Saidov TA, Wijkstra H, Mischi M. Contrast-Ultrasound Dispersion Imaging for Prostate Cancer Localization by Improved Spatiotemporal Similarity Analysis. 39:1631-1641.
        Lavarello RJ, Ridgway WR, Sarwate SS, Oelze ML. Characterization of Thyroid Cancer in Mouse Models Using High-Frequency Quantitative Ultrasound Techniques. 39:2333-2341.

        R

        Radiation force

        Synonyms: Bjerknes force, Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Ultrasound (ARFI), acoustic tweezers, ultrasound tweezers, acoustic remote palpation, acoustic trapping
        See also: elastography, shear waves
        Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Popescu A, Jurchis A. Factors Which Influence the Accuracy of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for the Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. 39:407-412.
        Kokhuis TJA, Garbin V, Kooiman K, Naaijkens BA, Juffermans LJM, Kamp O, van der Steen AFW, Versluis M, de Jong N. Secondary Bjerknes Forces Deform Targeted Microbubbles. 39:490-506.
        Popescu A, Bota S, Sporea I, Sirli R, Danila M, Racean S, Suseanu D, Gradinaru O, Ivascu Siegfried C. The Influence of Food Intake on Liver Stiffness Values Assessed by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Preliminary Results. 39:579-584.
        Yoon S, Aglyamov S, Karpiouk A, Emelianov S. The Mechanical Properties of Ex Vivo Bovine and Porcine Crystalline Lenses: Age-Related Changes and Location-Dependent Variations. 39:1120-1127.
        Fujiwara T, Tomokuni J, Iwanaga K, Ooba S, Haji T. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Reactive and Malignant/Metastatic Cervical Lymph Nodes. 39:1178-1183.
        Kuo W-H, Jian D-W, Wang T-G, Wang Y-C. Neck Muscle Stiffness Quantified by Sonoelastography is Correlated with Body Mass Index and Chronic Neck Pain Symptoms. 39:1356-1361.
        Sporea I, Bota S, Jurchis A, Sirli R, Gradinaru-Tascau O, Popescu A, Ratiu I, Szilaski M. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Supersonic Shear Imaging Versus Transient Elastography for Liver Fibrosis Assessment. 39:1933-1941.
        Fierbinteanu Braticevici C, Sporea I, Panaitescu E, Tribus L. Value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging Elastography for Non-invasive Evaluation of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. 39:1942-1950.
        Chen X, Shen Y, Zheng Y, Lin H, Guo Y, Zhu Y, Zhang X, Wang T, Chen S. Quantification of Liver Viscoelasticity with Acoustic Radiation Force: A Study of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Rat Model. 39:2091-2102.
        Zhan J, Diao X-H, Chai Q-L, Chen Y. Comparative Study of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging With Real-Time Elastography in Differential Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules. 39:2217-2225.
        Wojcinski S, Brandhorst K, Sadigh G, Hillemanns P, Degenhardt F. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging with Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification: Measurements of Normal Breast Tissue and Dependence on the Degree of Pre-compression. 39:2226-2232.

        Radio-frequency

        Synonyms: RF
        Varray F, Basset O, Tortoli P, Cachard C. CREANUIS: A Non-linear Radiofrequency Ultrasound Image Simulator. 39:1915-1924.

        Review

        ter Haar GR, Abramowicz JS, Akiyama I, Evans DH, Ziskin MC, Marsal K. Do We Need to Restrict the Use of Doppler Ultrasound in the First Trimester of Pregnancy? 39:374-380.
        Sarvazyan AP, Urban MW, Greenleaf JF. Acoustic Waves in Medical Imaging and Diagnostics. 39:1133-1146.

        S

        Safety

        Synonyms:
        Scopus Search: safety
        See also: bio-effects, dosimetry, thermal effects
        Evans T. The Safe Use of Ultrasound in Medical Diagnosis (Third Edition). 39:1930.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.
        Tana C, Iannetti G, Mezzetti A, Schiavone C. Heterogeneous Delayed Enhancement of the Liver after Administration of Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Are We Sure That it is a Harmless Phenomenon? 39:2214.

        Shear waves

        Synonyms:
        Scopus Search: "Shear Wave*"
        See also: elastography, radiation force
        Sporea I, Bota S, Jurchis A, Sirli R, Gradinaru-Tascau O, Popescu A, Ratiu I, Szilaski M. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse and Supersonic Shear Imaging Versus Transient Elastography for Liver Fibrosis Assessment. 39:1933-1941.
        Bernal M, Gennisson J-L, Flaud P, Tanter M. Correlation between Classical Rheometry and Supersonic Shear Wave Imaging in Blood Clots. 39:2123-2136.
        Tozaki M, Saito M, Benson J, Fan L, Isobe S. Shear Wave Velocity Measurements for Differential Diagnosis of Solid Breast Masses: A Comparison between Virtual Touch Quantification and Virtual Touch IQ. 39:2233-2245.

        Shock waves

        Synonyms: shock-wave, shockwave, extracorporeal shock-wave (ESW) therapy, shock-wave lithotripsy
        Scopus Search: shock*wave OR ESW
        See also: nonlinear effects
        Gollwitzer H, Gloeck T, Roessner M, Langer R, Horn C, Gerdesmeyer L, Diehl P. Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) Induces New Bone Formation in vivo: Results of an Animal Study in Rabbits. 39:126-133.
        Santamato A, Notarnicola A, Panza F, Ranieri M, Micello MF, Manganotti P, Moretti B, Fortunato F, Filoni S, Fiore P. SBOTE Study: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Versus Electrical Stimulation After Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection for Post-Stroke Spasticity-A Prospective Randomized Trial. 39:283-291.

        Skin

        Synonyms: dermal, transdermal, cutaneous, transcutaneous, subcutaneous
        Hinz T, Voth H, Ahmadzadehfar H, Hoeller T, Wenzel J, Bieber T, Schmid-Wendtner M-H. Role of High-Resolution Ultrasound and PET/CT Imaging for Preoperative Characterization of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Cutaneous Melanoma. 39:30-36.
        Elhai M, Jerome A, Marchiol C, Renault G, Ruiz B, Frechet M, Chiocchia G, Allanore Y. Performance of Skin Ultrasound to Measure Skin Involvement in Different Animal Models of Systemic Sclerosis. 39:845-852.
        Souza J, Meira A, Volpato NM, Mayorga P, Gottfried C. Effect of Phonophoresis on Skin Permeation of Commercial Anti-inflammatory Gels: Sodium Diclofenac and Ketoprofen. 39:1623-1630.
        Gao Y, Tannenbaum A, Chen H, Torres M, Yoshida E, Yang X, Wang Y, Curran W, Liu T. Automated Skin Segmentation in Ultrasonic Evaluation of Skin Toxicity in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy. 39:2166-2175.

        Sonoporation

        Synonyms: sonophoresis, phonophoresis, cell membrane permeabilisation, permeability enhancement, molecular delivery, poration, enhanced uptake
        See also: cavitation, drug delivery, gene therapy, streaming
        Chen X, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Sonoporation as a Cellular Stress: Induction of Morphological Repression and Developmental Delays. 39:1075-1086.
        Zhong W, Chen X, Jiang P, Wan JMF, Qin P, Yu ACH. Induction of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress by Sonoporation: Linkage to Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis Initiation. 39:2382-2392.
        Hu Y, Wan JMF, Yu ACH. Membrane Perforation and Recovery Dynamics in Microbubble-Mediated Sonoporation. 39:2393-2405.

        Speckle

        Synonyms: interference pattern, noise
        See also: image artifacts, image processing, textural analysis, motion tracking
        Arbeille P, Angoulvant D, Zuj K, Patier J, Desveaux B, Quilliet L, Charbonnier B. Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking for Assessing Improvement in Left Ventricular Contractility After Coronary Angioplasty. 39:102-110.
        Park DW, Kruger GH, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Gottschalk P, Dodde RE, Shih AJ, Weitzel WF. In Vivo Vascular Wall Shear Rate and Circumferential Strain of Renal Disease Patients. 39:241-252.
        Quader N, Jalal U, Raslan S, Srivathsan K, Wilansky S, Unzek S, Chandrasekran K, Mookadam F. Worsening Left Ventricular Apical Peak Strain Early After Right Ventricular Pacing. 39:261-268.
        Gronlund C, Claesson K, Holtermann A. Imaging Two-Dimensional Mechanical Waves of Skeletal Muscle Contraction. 39:360-369.
        Hjertaas JJ, Fossa H, Dybdahl GL, Gruner R, Lunde P, Matre K. Accuracy of Real-Time Single- and Multi-Beat 3-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Vitro. 39:1006-1014.
        Yiu BYS, Yu ACH. High-Frame-Rate Ultrasound Color-Encoded Speckle Imaging of Complex Flow Dynamics. 39:1015-1025.
        Van der Ende J, Velazquez Antona CA, Erdmenger Orellana J, Romero Cardenas, Roldan FJ, Vargas Barron J. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Measured by Speckle Tracking as a Predictor of the Decrease in Left Ventricular Deformation in Children with Congenital Stenosis of the Aorta or Coarctation of the Aorta. 39:1207-1214.
        Czernik C, Rhode S, Helfer S, Schmalisch G, Buhrer C. Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate Measured by 2-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Neonates During Whole-Body Hypothermia. 39:1343-1349.
        Gao J, Weitzel W, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Lee J, Dadhania D, Min R. Renal Transplant Elasticity Ultrasound Imaging: Correlation Between Normalized Strain and Renal Cortical Fibrosis. 39:1536-1542.
        Kremer F, Dresselaers T, Heyde B, Ferferieva V, Caluwe E, Choi HF, Claus P, Oosterlinck W, Janssens S, Himmelreich U, D'Hooge J. 2-D Strain Assessment in the Mouse Through Spatial Compounding of Myocardial Velocity Data: In Vivo Feasibility. 39:1848-1860.
        Yoshikawa H, Suzuki M, Hashimoto G, Kusunose Y, Otsuka T, Hara H, Noro M, Nakamura M, Sugi K. Assessment of Cyclic Changes in the Diameter of the Aortic Annulus Using Speckle-Tracking Trans-esophageal Echocardiography. 39:2084-2090.

        Spleen

        Synonyms: splenic
        Scopus Search: spleen OR splen*
        Menozzi G, Maccabruni V, Gabbi E, Leone N, Calzolari M. Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Evaluation of Splenic Embolization in Patients with Definite Left-Sided Infective Endocarditis. 39:2205-2210.

        Standing wave

        Synonyms: stationary wave, acoustic trapping, ultrasound trapping, acoustic tweezers
        See also: radiation force
        Koch C, Brandstetter M, Lendl B, Radel S. Ultrasonic Manipulation of Yeast Cells in Suspension for Absorption Spectroscopy with an Immersible Mid-Infrared Fiberoptic Probe. 39:1094-1101.
        Furuhata H, Saito O. Comparative Study of Standing Wave Reduction Methods Using Random Modulation for Transcranial Ultrasonication. 39:1440-1450.

        Strain imaging

        Scopus Search: strain
        See also: elastography, radiation force
        Park DW, Kruger GH, Rubin JM, Hamilton J, Gottschalk P, Dodde RE, Shih AJ, Weitzel WF. In Vivo Vascular Wall Shear Rate and Circumferential Strain of Renal Disease Patients. 39:241-252.
        Quader N, Jalal U, Raslan S, Srivathsan K, Wilansky S, Unzek S, Chandrasekran K, Mookadam F. Worsening Left Ventricular Apical Peak Strain Early After Right Ventricular Pacing. 39:261-268.
        Negishi K, Lucas S, Negishi T, Hamilton J, Marwick TH. What is the Primary Source of Discordance in Strain Measurement Between Vendors: Imaging or Analysis? 39:714-720.
        Wang Y, Wu Z, Ju Y, Cao L, Shi L, Tong F, Jiang X, Zhu C. Tissue Doppler Imaging and Tissue Strain Imaging for the Evaluation of Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B. 39:1527-1535.
        Heyde B, Bouchez S, Thieren S, Vandenheuvel M, Jasaityte R, Barbosa D, Claus P, Maes F, Wouters P, D'Hooge J. Elastic Image Registration to Quantify 3-D Regional Myocardial Deformation from Volumetric Ultrasound: Experimental Validation in an Animal Model. 39:1688-1697.
        Kremer F, Dresselaers T, Heyde B, Ferferieva V, Caluwe E, Choi HF, Claus P, Oosterlinck W, Janssens S, Himmelreich U, D'Hooge J. 2-D Strain Assessment in the Mouse Through Spatial Compounding of Myocardial Velocity Data: In Vivo Feasibility. 39:1848-1860.

        Stroke

        Synonyms: cerebrovascular accident (CVA), thrombus, thrombosis, clot
        See also: atheroscelerosis, emboli detection, ischemia, thrombolysis
        Santamato A, Notarnicola A, Panza F, Ranieri M, Micello MF, Manganotti P, Moretti B, Fortunato F, Filoni S, Fiore P. SBOTE Study: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Versus Electrical Stimulation After Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection for Post-Stroke Spasticity-A Prospective Randomized Trial. 39:283-291.
        Lindsey BD, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, Smith SW. Simultaneous Bilateral Real-Time 3-D Transcranial Ultrasound Imaging at 1 MHz Through Poor Acoustic Windows. 39:721-734.
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.
        Skoloudik D. Interventional Stroke Therapy. 39:2213.

        T

        Technical note

        Thittai AK, Yamal J-M, Ophir J. Small Breast Lesion Classification Performance Using the Normalized Axial-Shear Strain Area Feature. 39:543-548.
        Saeed NP, Panerai RB, Robinson TG. The Carotid Artery as an Alternative Site to the Middle Cerebral Artery for Reproducible Estimates of Autoregulation Index. 39:735-741.
        M.-Hyodo H, Hyodo H, Aisaka K. Introduction of a New Index of Cervical Consistency with Transvaginal B-mode Ultrasonography. 39:1320-1322.
        Hata T, Mashima M, Ito M, Uketa E, Mori N, Ishimura M. Three-Dimensional HDlive Rendering Images of the Fetal Heart. 39:1513-1517.
        Gyongy M, Balogh L, Szalai K, Kallo I. Histology-Based Simulations of Ultrasound Imaging: Methodology. 39:1925-1929.
        Kudla MJ, Kandzia T, Alcazar JL. Comparison of Two Methods for Calculating the Mean Vascularization Index of Ovarian Stroma on the Basis of Spatio-temporal Image Correlation High-Definition Flow Technology. 39:2202-2204.
        Ryan ED, Rosenberg JG, Scharville MJ, Sobolewski EJ, Thompson BJ, King GE. Test-Retest Reliability and the Minimal Detectable Change for Achilles Tendon Length: A Panoramic Ultrasound Assessment. 39:2488-2491.
        Roll SC, Evans KD, Volz KR, Sommerich CM. Longitudinal Design for Sonographic Measurement of Median Nerve Swelling with Controlled Exposure to Physical Work Using an Animal Model. 39:2492-2497.

        Therapeutic Applications of Ultrasound

        Synonyms: ultrasound therapy, sonotherapy
        Scopus Search: Therap* OR Sonotherap*
        See also: healing, high intensity focused ultrasound, hyperthermia, physiotherapy
        Ling Z-Y, Shu S-y, Zhong S-G, Luo J, Su L, Liu Z-Z, Lan X-B, Yuan G-B, Zheng Y-Y, Ran H-T, Wang Z-G, Yin Y-H. Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction Promotes Angiogenesis and Heart Function by Inducing Myocardial Microenvironment Change. 39:2001-2010.
        Uddin SMZ, Hadjiargyrou M, Cheng J, Zhang S, Hu M, Qin Y-X. Reversal of the Detrimental Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Human Osteoblasts by Modified Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound. 39:804-812.
        Kim HC, Al-Mahrouki A, Gorjizadeh A, Karshafian R, Czarnota GJ. Effects of Biophysical Parameters in Enhancing Radiation Responses of Prostate Tumors with Ultrasound-Stimulated Microbubbles. 39:1376-1387.
        Maxwell AD, Cain CA, Hall TL, Fowlkes JB, Xu Z. Probability of Cavitation for Single Ultrasound Pulses Applied to Tissues and Tissue-Mimicking Materials. 39:449-465.
        Lewis Jr GK, Langer MD, Henderson Jr CR, Ortiz R. Design and Evaluation of a Wearable Self-Applied Therapeutic Ultrasound Device for Chronic Myofascial Pain. 39:1429-1439.
        Kwok SJJ, El Kaffas A, Lai P, Al Mahrouki A, Lee J, Iradji S, Tran WT, Giles A, Czarnota GJ. Ultrasound-Mediated Microbubble Enhancement of Radiation Therapy Studied Using Three-Dimensional High-Frequency Power Doppler Ultrasound. 39:1983-1990.

        Thermoacoustic imaging

        Synonyms: Acousto-thermal imaging
        Xing J, Choi M, Ang W, Yu X, Chen J. Design and Characterization of a Close-Proximity Thermoacoustic Sensor. 39:1613-1622.

        Thrombolysis

        Synonyms: sonothrombolysis, recanalisation, clot busting
        See also: ischemia
        Sutton JT, Ivancevich NM, Perrin Jr SR, Vela DC, Holland CK. Clot Retraction Affects the Extent of Ultrasound-Enhanced Thrombolysis in an Ex Vivo Porcine Thrombosis Model. 39:813-824.

        Thyroid

        Synonyms: Thyroid gland
        Scopus Search: Thyroid* OR goitre
        Kim DW, In HS, Choo HJ, Jung SJ, Kim YW. Solid and Isoechoic Thyroid Nodules Without Malignant Sonographic Features: Comparison of Malignancy Rate According to Nodule Size, Shape and Color Doppler Pattern. 39:269-274.
        Kim DW, Lee YJ, Eom JW, Jung SJ, Ha TK, Kang T. Ultrasound-Based Diagnosis for Solid Thyroid Nodules with the Largest Diameter 5 mm. 39:1190-1196.
        Pompili G, Tresoldi S, Primolevo A, De Pasquale L, Di Leo G, Cornalba G. Management of Thyroid Follicular Proliferation: An Ultrasound-Based Malignancy Score to Opt for Surgical or Conservative Treatment. 39:1350-1355.
        Wu M-H, Chen C-N, Chen K-Y, Ho M-C, Tai H-C, Chung Y-C, Lo C-P, Chen A, Chang K-J. Quantitative Analysis of Dynamic Power Doppler Sonograms for Patients with Thyroid Nodules. 39:1543-1551.
        Zhan J, Diao X-H, Chai Q-L, Chen Y. Comparative Study of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging With Real-Time Elastography in Differential Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules. 39:2217-2225.
        Lavarello RJ, Ridgway WR, Sarwate SS, Oelze ML. Characterization of Thyroid Cancer in Mouse Models Using High-Frequency Quantitative Ultrasound Techniques. 39:2333-2341.

        Tissue characterization

        Synonyms: tissue identification, tissue differentiation, histoscanning
        See also: speckle
        Lee H-H, Hung C-S, Wu X-M, Wu V-C, Liu K-L, Wang S-M, Lin L-C, Chen P-C, Guo Y-L, Chueh S-C, Lin Y-H, Ho Y-L, Wu K-D. Myocardial Ultrasound Tissue Characterization of Patients With Primary Aldosteronism. 39:54-61.

        Tissue Engineering

        Synonyms: tissue synthesis, remodelling, prostheses
        Scopus Search: Tissue AND Engineer*
        Dutta D, Lee K-W, Allen RA, Wang Y, Brigham JC, Kim K. Non-invasive Assessment of Elastic Modulus of Arterial Constructs during Cell Culture Using Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging. 39:2103-2115.

        Transcranial ultrasound

        Synonyms: TCS, TCD
        See also: Doppler
        Sahuquillo P, Tembl JI, Parkhutik V, Velazquez JF, Sastre I, Lago A. The Study of Deep Brain Structures by Transcranial Duplex Sonography and Imaging Resonance Correlation. 39:226-232.
        Lucht B, Hubbell A, Hynynen K. Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Two-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging Using Shear-Mode Conversion at Low Frequency. 39:332-344.
        Lindsey BD, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, Smith SW. Simultaneous Bilateral Real-Time 3-D Transcranial Ultrasound Imaging at 1 MHz Through Poor Acoustic Windows. 39:721-734.
        Bolognese M, Artemis D, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Kern R. Real-Time Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging in Acute Stroke: Assessment of Cerebral Perfusion Deficits Related to Arterial Recanalization. 39:745-752.
        Furuhata H, Saito O. Comparative Study of Standing Wave Reduction Methods Using Random Modulation for Transcranial Ultrasonication. 39:1440-1450.
        Huang H, Sejdi E. Assessment of Resting-State Blood Flow Through Anterior Cerebral Arteries Using Trans-cranial Doppler Recordings. 39:2285-2294.

        Transducers

        Synonyms: probe, scanning head
        See also: arrays, instrumentation
        Foroughi P, Kang H-J, Carnegie DA, van Vledder MG, Choti MA, Hager GD, Boctor EM. A Freehand Ultrasound Elastography System with Tracking for In Vivo Applications. 39:211-225.
        Novell A, Escoffre J-M, Bouakaz A. Second Harmonic and Subharmonic for Non-Linear Wideband Contrast Imaging Using a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer Array. 39:1500-1512.

        U

        Ultrasound guided surgery

        Synonyms: intraoperative imaging, ultrasonic guidance, image guided surgery
        Choi JS, Kim MJ, Youk JH, Moon HJ, Suh HJ, Kim E-K. US-Guided Optical Tomography: Correlation with Clinicopathologic Variables in Breast Cancer. 39:233-240.
        Dunmire B, Kucewicz JC, Mitchell SB, Crum LA, Sekins KM. Characterizing an Agar/Gelatin Phantom for Image Guided Dosing and Feedback Control of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. 39:300-311.
        Youn I, Choi SH, Moon HJ, Kim MJ, Kim E-K. Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast: Ultrasonographic Findings and Diagnostic Performance of Ultrasound-Guided Core Needle Biopsy. 39:987-992.
        Rossel T, Kersting S, Heller AR, Koch T. Combination of High-Resolution Ultrasound-Guided Perivascular Regional Anesthesia of the Internal Carotid Artery and Intermediate Cervical Plexus Block for Carotid Surgery. 39:981-986.
        Vlaisavljevich E, Kim Y, Allen S, Owens G, Pelletier S, Cain C, Ives K, Xu Z. Image-Guided Non-Invasive Ultrasound Liver Ablation Using Histotripsy: Feasibility Study in an In Vivo Porcine Model. 39:1398-1409.
        Vieira SL, Pavan TZ, Junior JE, Carneiro AAO. Paraffin-Gel Tissue-Mimicking Material for Ultrasound-Guided Needle Biopsy Phantom. 39:2477-2484.

        Uterus

        Synonyms: Womb
        See also: obstetrics
        M.-Hyodo H, Hyodo H, Aisaka K. Introduction of a New Index of Cervical Consistency with Transvaginal B-mode Ultrasonography. 39:1320-1322.
        Li C, Xiong X, Li Y, Li J, Peng B, Wang Z, Chen W. Therapeutic Effects of Focused Ultrasound in 4014 Patients with Symptomatic Cervical Ectopy. 39:604-610.

        V

        Velocimetry

        Synonyms: particle image velocimetry, PIV
        Scopus Search: velocimetry
        See also: Doppler
        Park K-H, Son J-W, Park W-J, Lee S-H, Kim U, Park J-S, Shin D-G, Kim Y-J, Choi J-H, Houle H, Vannan MA, Hong G-R. Characterization of the Left Atrial Vortex Flow by Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Contrast Echocardiography Using Particle Image Velocimetry. 39:62-71.
        Zhou B, Fraser KH, Poelma C, Mari J-M, Eckersley RJ, Weinberg PD, Tang M-X. Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry: Effect of Beam Sweeping on Velocity Estimation. 39:1672-1681.

        Volume measurement

        Synonyms: volumetric measurement
        Li N, Jiang Y-X, Zhu Q-L, Zhang J, Dai Q, Liu H, Yang Q, Wang H-Y, Lai X-J, Sun Q. Accuracy of an Automated Breast Volume Ultrasound System for Assessment of the Pre-operative Extent of Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Comparison with a Conventional Handheld Ultrasound Examination. 39:2255-2263.
        Long A, Rouet L, Debreuve A, Ardon R, Barbe C, Becquemin JP, Allaire E. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Imaging with 3-D Ultrasound: 3-D-Based Maximum Diameter Measurement and Volume Quantification. 39:1325-1336.
        Collins SL, Stevenson GN, Noble JA, Impey L. Rapid Calculation of Standardized Placental Volume at 11 to 13 Weeks and the Prediction of Small for Gestational Age Babies. 39:253-260.
        Barra DA, Lima JC, Mauad Filho F, Araujo Jœnior E, Martins WP. Measuring Fetal Volume During Late First Trimester by Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography Using Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. 39:1552-1559.